1783: last public hanging in England at Tyburn.
1867: Marie Curie (above), nee Manya Slodowska, born in Warsaw. Married French chemist Pierre Curie and worked with him on magnetism and radioactivity (a term she invented in 1898). Awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1903. In 1910 isolated pure radium and was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1911.
1872: The Mary Celeste set sail from New York on her ill-fated journey.
1910: Leo Tolstoy, author of War and Peace, died of a chill at Astapovo railway station
1917: The Bolsheviks overthrew Prime Minister Kerensky's government.
1990: Mary Robinson became Ireland's first woman president.Reuse content