Around the world right now, millions of people are excitedly downloading Apple’s new software for iPhone and iPad, iOS 8. It comes with a bunch of shiny new features, from sharing apps with family members to infinitely better search capabilities, all of which can be sure to astound and delight.
But there’s one group of people who are less happy about this update from Cupertino. And that’s the people whose apps are about to fade into obscurity.
With every major update, Apple adds new native apps and functionality. Which is great for the user; more of the features you want are right there, built into your phone, and, because it’s Apple, they ‘just work’. But if you work for a third-party company that was already providing that functionality, suddenly you’re in danger of finding yourself out of a job.
Imagine you’re an app developer. You’re using the iPhone’s camera, and you notice it doesn’t have a timer (which, inexplicably, it didn’t have until yesterday). So you build a camera app that does have a timer, release it on the App Store, and see a steady trickle of revenue as iPhone users everywhere find themselves sharing your lack-of-native-timer plight. Then, one day, that revenue abruptly stops. Apple have added a timer to their camera app, so no one has any need for yours. Your business is no more.
Hold on, I hear you say - if you’re going to base your livelihood on something as easily replicable as a timer app, you’re asking for trouble. If there’s a simple feature that Apple could implement in pretty much no time, you’ve got to assume that, at some point, they’ll get round to it.
But it’s not just small, simple apps that can be suddenly struck down by Apple entering the fray. One of the biggest announcements Tim Cook made at the iOS8 launch event was Apple Pay, which will let you pay for things just by waving your iPhone, or even your Apple Watch, at the cashier. While this may well spell the death of the wallet and shave valuable seconds off your next cheese sandwich purchase, it received an understandably lukewarm reception from PayPal, who resorted to a fairly weak response in the New York Times. You can understand their concern - they’ve spent years building a great business, only to find the behemoth that is Apple potentially on the verge of sweeping them into irrelevance. Could they have predicted that Apple would decide to get into the payments market? After almost 40 years of Apple as a hardware firm, they can be forgiven for missing the signs.
iOS 8: The nine best features
iOS 8: The nine best features
1/9 1. Name, mute or leave a group conversation
For any messaging conversation with more than two participants you can now name it, mute it, share your location (great for arranging a meeting) or leave it altogether. Simply click ‘Details’ in the top corner of the conversation for the new options.
2/9 2. Get Siri to identify a song
Shazam’s been doing this for a while but now song identification is built into Apple’s personal assistant. Simply ask “What song is playing?” and Siri will answer – including giving users an option to buy the track. You can also now activate Siri just by talking - though you need to turn this on from Settings > General > Siri.
3/9 3. Use a search engine that doesn't track you
DuckDuckGo has long been the search engine of choice for the privacy conscious. It has everything you'd expect - news, images, videos - but doesn't track your searches to create a user profile to sell to advertisers. Now you can make DuckDuckGo the default search choice in Safari - just go to Settings > Safari > Search Engine.
4/9 4. Turn on your iPhone’s ‘distress signal’
‘Find My iPhone’ is a fantastic feature that allows you to locate, lock or wipe your device if it get’s lost or stolen (go Settings > iCloud to turn it on), but in iOS 8 there’s a new option to ‘Send Last Location’ - an iPhone distress signal that’s sent out to your iCloud account when the battery’s about to run out.
5/9 5. Take a time lapse video
Third party apps have done this for a while but now time lapse is built into the camera. Just swipe to the far left on the camera-mode dial and set the exposure. There’s also (finally) a self-timer for three or 10 seconds and new exposure options for changing how bright a picture looks.
6/9 6. Dictate a message in real time
The new Talk-to-Type mode on the keyboard (that little microphone icon) now works live and is even more accurate than before. If you’ve not tried it before it’s worth a go (though isn’t much fun to use in public).
7/9 7. Install a new keyboard
With iOS 8 Apple is finally opening up the keyboard to third-party options. Although the company is also greatly improving its own offering (which will now have context-sensitive word suggestions) it’s worth downloading SwiftKey from the App Store - the best independent mobile keyboard on the market.
8/9 8. See which apps are draining your battery
Battery life is a constant worry with smartphones, but now the iPhone lets you see which apps are the worst offenders when it comes to using up battery (find it in Settings > General > Usage > Battery Usage).
9/9 9. Take a call on your tablet
If you’ve installed iOS 8 on your iPad and it’s connected to the same Wi-Fi network as your iPhone then – voila – you can take calls on your iPad. When your phone rings a notification will flash up on your tablet and just pick up as you would a Skype call.
It’s not just Apple who have the ability to pull the rug from under startups’ feet. A friend of mine founded Bundll, a mobile app for sharing with private groups of family and friends. Just two days ago, he woke up to the leaked news that Facebook are working on something similar - same premise, same layout. Competition is good, but finding out that Zuckerberg and co. are entering the ring is never going to make your day. (You can help him out and stick it to the man by downloading Bundll here.)
There are a whole raft of problems that emerge from this environment in which big tech companies continually kill off smaller ones. First, it discourages innovation. Why create something useful now if Apple are just going to put their own version in iOS 10? I’ve lost count of the number of times someone has explained an idea for an app to me only to follow it up with a despondent “but what’s to stop Google doing the same thing?”
The Googles and Apples of the world are becoming more like conglomerates than anything else, offering swathes of different, unconnected services, able to imitate the efforts of smaller companies at a moment’s notice and beat them hands down because of their existing user base. There are real monopoly concerns here that need to be addressed, and you can bet they will be before the decade’s out.
But perhaps the biggest danger is what all this does to people’s ambitions. The pinnacle of achievement in startup circles is no longer creating a lasting, sustainable company on your own terms; it’s selling to one of the big players and being absorbed into their operation. This means the focus is on the quick sell, with the window-dressing of amassing users as quickly as possible given precedence over the hard graft that’s needed to build a viable business.
So, as you sit watching the progress bar on your iPhone inch closer to iOS 8 nirvana, spare a thought for the companies for whom that same bar is ticking down the seconds to oblivion. They say imitation is the best form of flattery - but, in the tech world, it can also be your death knell.Reuse content