A spectre is haunting England – the spectre of community organising. Barack Obama spent his politically formative years working in Chicago as a community organiser. That phrase is clearly understood in America, but less so over here. It refers to a tradition pioneered by Chicagoan Saul Alinsky – and it has migrated across the Atlantic.
Community organisers bring together local institutions – schools, churches, mosques, youth groups, trade unions – in large assemblies. Testimonies conveying the most pressing concerns of each group are delivered. Votes are then taken on the issues that unite different groups, and a mandate is given to community organisers to campaign for businesses and government, both at local and at national level, to change their ways.
The various institutions pay a small stipend, and charitable trusts are leant on for financial support. Community organisers tend not to take government money.
Almost undetected by most of our polity, this form of democratic activism is making a brilliant and dramatic impact in the capital especially. It is doing this mainly through a body called Citizens UK, of which London Citizens is the biggest sub-group. (Full disclosure: I had a very small walk-on part with London Citizens a few years back, and its lead organiser is a close friend.)
The best example of what London Citizens has achieved is the Living Wage campaign, which was 10 years old in May. With the mandate of hundreds of small civic institutions, they campaigned for a better minimum wage for cleaners and agency staff. Several banks, schools, hospitals, universities and Westfield shopping centre have now improved workers' pay and conditions. It didn't require legislation; mere social stigma raised the wages of poor workers, and so reduced the burden on the welfare state, by taking many out of benefits, without increasing unemployment. This is redistribution at its best.
Ken Livingstone, Boris Johnson, Nick Clegg and David Cameron all say London Citizens exemplifies the Big Society. These activists have given training to the Tories on social action, and to Labour's Movement for Change. Red Tories and Blue Labourites similarly revere their ability to give social and economic capital to the poor, and power to the powerless.
There are caveats, to which I shall return in coming weeks. But at a time when the poor are more removed from democracy and national influence than ever, the advent and early success of community organising in Britain is both exhilarating and an inspiration.