Emu: Blair wants a fait accompli , not a poll

Related Topics
For the last 40 years, the most powerful force in politics has been the European Union, as it now likes to call itself. It used to be known more prosaically as the Common Market. It created a party, the SDP, whose nucleus comprised the original Labour rebels who had voted against Labour and with the Government in the early 1970s.

It also destroyed careers. It may destroy more. It certainly changed them. Harold Macmillan never fully recovered from Charles de Gaulle's first veto on British membership. Margaret Thatcher was brought down by Europe. If she had not taken the line she did and said "No. No. No." in the House in October 1990, Geoffrey Howe would not have made the speech he did, and Michael Heseltine would not have stood against her in the first ballot.

Roy Jenkins's career was not exactly destroyed by Europe. There he sits in the upper House, recipient of the OM and much else besides, the grandest old man in politics since... well, I suppose since A J Balfour. Still, he might have succeeded Harold Wilson had Europe not intervened.

In the early 1970s Mr Tony Benn came up with a wheeze for a referendum on our membership of the market, which we were to join in January 1973. In constitutional matters, Mr Benn is certainly the most influential of our post-war politicians, rivalled in this respect only by the late Humphry Berkeley.

In his original incarnation as Wedgbenn of Mintech, he had been all for Europe, on the plausible ground - which has lost none of its persuasiveness with the passing of the years - that only an economy of European dimensions could effectively control the multinational corporations. By 1971 he had moved to the left, opposition to Europe being in those days necessary for membership of that grouping.

He was joined in his campaign for a referendum by Richard Crossman, then editor of the New Statesman. Crossman's motives were perhaps less pure than Mr Benn's. He certainly wanted to force Lord Jenkins, who was the deputy leader, out of the party. In the long term he succeeded. One is tempted to conclude that it was the solitary success of Dick's entire political career.

In 1972 Lord Jenkins resigned the deputy leadership over the adoption of the referendum as party policy; in 1976 he left Westminster for Brussels when James Callaghan, the new prime minister, refused to make him foreign secretary; in 1979 he delivered the Dimbleby lecture; and in 1981 he formed the SDP. It is possible that if Lord Jenkins had not relinquished the deputy leadership, he would have won - anyway done better in - the leadership election in 1976 instead of coming a bad third. Even so, he has denied having any regrets about resigning. The referendum duly took place in 1975, perhaps the last major event over which Wilson was to preside. By an unexpectedly large majority, our membership was confirmed.

Mr Tony Blair is behaving over the euro much as Wilson did over Europe. In 1974-75, for instance, there was an enormous song and dance about renegotiating terms. The revised terms were declared satisfactory - more, a Herculean feat of diplomatic skill - as everyone knew they would be. Compare what happened then with Mr Blair's terms, as set out last week. I quote what the man said rather than what other people say he meant:

"Sustainable convergence be- tween the UK and countries within the euro zone; flexibility to adapt to change in the UK and in continental Europe; the impact on investment and the UK financial services industry; and whether joining the single currency would be good for employment."

Mr Blair claimed he was merely echoing what Mr Gordon Brown had said in the House in October 1997. Though I have not verified Mr Brown's precise words on that occasion, I am sure Mr Blair was telling the truth. That, however, is not the immediate point. The conditions are like a tank painted a forbidding shade of khaki which, on closer inspection, turns out to be made entirely of cardboard, string and sticky tape and is, on that account, liable to come to pieces when faced with a little light rain.

In other words, the criteria are satisfied if Mr Blair and Mr Brown say they are satisfied. Virtually the sole objective tests are the comparative rates of interest and levels of employment in the UK and in those countries which have adopted the euro. At present ours are both relatively high. We would presumably be prepared to lower our rate of interest if the European countries raised their level of employment. Mr Blair did not say anything so simple as that. We may well find ourselves having to tolerate increased unemployment to bring it up to a satisfactory European level. Who can tell? Who indeed!

But in another respect Mr Blair was more forthcoming than any leader has ever been. For this he deserves some credit. He was certainly franker than Mr Brown, who said that adopting the euro had no "constitutional" implications. Fifteen months on, Mr Blair could say: "I do not dismiss the constitutional or political issues. They are real. Monetary union is a big step of integration, but so were the Single European Act and the European Union itself... It is, of course, an intensely political act. However, just as the euro cannot be conceived of except politically, it cannot be made to work except economically."

The reference to the Single European Act was presumably an attempt to embarrass Mr William Hague. It is always being said that it was Lady Thatcher who "signed" this measure. Why anyone should think it is part of a prime minister's constitutional duties to sign statutes I do not know. They begin:

"Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same..."

The prime minister does not come into it. Still, I know what people mean: that this most integrationist of measures was passed under a Thatcher government. She says now that no one explained to her what it meant at the time, which is not an excuse that would stand up in a court of law.

But our politicians have always been coy about Europe. One of the most reticent was Sir Edward Heath. In the 1970 election his party declared that its sole commitment was to negotiate, "no more and no less". Three years later we were in Europe. Two years after that we were cemented in. Mr Blair has at any rate been franker than any of his predecessors. He has even provided a timetable: "The whole process - from a positive referendum result to the withdrawal of sterling - could be completed in about three years."

Lord Dahrendorf has pointed out that what no modern government can afford to do is lose a referendum. If Mr Blair had possessed the nerve to hold one on the euro in summer 1997, he would probably have won; rather as he did in the autumn on Welsh devolution. The fiddling around with cash registers, computers and the like which he is now demanding (and to which the Government is making no substantial contribution) is manifestly an attempt to present the citizens with a fait accompli in 2001. Or, as the Queen says in Alice in Wonderland: "Sentence first - verdict afterwards."

React Now

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Sales Executive - OTE £30,000+

£16000 - £30000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They are looking for individual...

Recruitment Genius: IT Project Coordinator / Manager

£25000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A Project Coordinator is requir...

Recruitment Genius: Mortgage Advisor - OTE £95,000

£40000 - £95000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This is an exciting opportunity...

Recruitment Genius: Trainee Vehicle Inspectors / Purchasers

£20000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Trainee Vehicle Inspectors / Pu...

Day In a Page

Read Next
The possibility of Corbyn winning has excited some Conservatives  

Labour leadership: The choice at the heart of the leadership campaign

Jeremy Corbyn
Pablo Iglesias, the leader of Spain’s anti-austerity party Podemos  

Greece debt crisis: Trouble is, if you help the Greeks, everyone will want the same favours

Charlotte McDonald-Gibson Charlotte McDonald-Gibson
Greece debt crisis: EU 'family' needs to forgive rather than punish an impoverished state

EU 'family' needs to forgive rather than punish an impoverished state

An outbreak of malaria in Greece four years ago helps us understand the crisis, says Robert Fisk
Gaza, a year on from Operation Protective Edge: The traumatised kibbutz on Israel's front line, still recovering from last summer's war with Hamas

Gaza, a year on from Operation Protective Edge

The traumatised kibbutz on Israel's front line, still recovering from last summer's war with Hamas
How to survive electrical storms: What are the chances of being hit by lightning?

Heavy weather

What are the chances of being hit by lightning?
World Bodypainting Festival 2015: Bizarre and brilliant photos celebrate 'the body as art'

World Bodypainting Festival 2015

Bizarre and brilliant photos celebrate 'the body as art'
alt-j: A private jet, a Mercury Prize and Latitude headliners

Don't call us nerds

Craig Mclean meets alt-j - the math-folk act who are flying high
How to find gold: The Californian badlands, digging out crevasses and sifting sludge

How to find gold

Steve Boggan finds himself in the Californian badlands, digging out crevasses and sifting sludge
Singing accents: From Herman's Hermits and David Bowie to Alesha Dixon

Not born in the USA

Lay off Alesha Dixon: songs sound better in US accents, even our national anthem
10 best balsamic vinegars

10 best balsamic vinegars

Drizzle it over salad, enjoy it with ciabatta, marinate vegetables, or use it to add depth to a sauce - this versatile staple is a cook's best friend
Wimbledon 2015: Brief glimpses of the old Venus but Williams sisters' epic wars belong to history

Brief glimpses of the old Venus but Williams sisters' epic wars belong to history

Serena dispatched her elder sister 6-4, 6-3 in eight minutes more than an hour
Greece says 'No': A night of huge celebrations in Athens as voters decisively back Tsipras and his anti-austerity stance in historic referendum

Greece referendum

Greeks say 'No' to austerity and plunge Europe into crisis
Ten years after the 7/7 terror attacks, is Britain an altered state?

7/7 bombings anniversary

Ten years after the terror attacks, is Britain an altered state?
Beautiful evening dresses are some of the loveliest Donatella has created

Versace haute couture review

Beautiful evening dresses are some of the loveliest Donatella has ever created
No hope and no jobs, so Gaza's young risk their lives, climb the fence and run for it

No hope and no jobs in Gaza

So the young risk their lives and run for it
Fashion apps: Retailers roll together shopping and social networking for mobile customers

Fashion apps

Retailers roll together shopping and social networking for mobile customers
The Greek referendum exposes a gaping hole at the heart of the European Union – its distinct lack of any genuine popular legitimacy

Gaping hole at the heart of the European Union

Treatment of Greece has shown up a lack of genuine legitimacy