Parker says that the disability movement is "a movement whose history is written differently depending on what position you take in the current debate". On the evidence of this article, I would say it depends more on whom you talk to. If you talk only to activists you might come away with the idea that "the first real institutional sign of the disability movement's arrival in Britain was the setting up of BCODP (British Council of Organisations of Disabled People) in 1981". If you do that you miss out on all the rich history of, for example, blind and deaf people's organised struggles over a century to establish sign language as a recognised means of communication, the Braille script, integrated education, a decent income and much more.
The sharp antithesis between rights and charity is greatly overplayed. A charity like RNIB is nowadays a professional service provider as accountable to its users as, say, a social services department. The umbrella of charity law is just a convenient legal framework for the voluntary sector to operate under. BCODP is a charity, though this is less frequently proclaimed. Disability activists cry "piss on pity". "Piss on humbug" say I.
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