Letter: Esterhazy's fate

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The Independent Online
Sir: Esterhazy, for whose spying Dreyfus was blamed ("France still haunted by the spectre of Dreyfus", 13 January), dealt with the German military attache in Paris, Colonel von Schwarzkoppen, who took orders directly from the military authorities in Berlin. The German ambassador, Count Munster von Derneberg, hated espionage, and was unaware of what was taking place. After he fled France in September 1898, Esterhazy lived in England under various pseudonyms for most of the remainder of his life. He is buried in St Nicholas's churchyard at Harpenden, Hertfordshire, under the name Count Jean de Voilemont.


Southport, Merseyside