Four weeks ago, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 978. Recalling the 1949 Genocide Convention, and Resolution 955 of November 1994, which set up the International Tribunal for Rwanda, this new resolution called on all states to arrest and detain persons suspected of genocide.
Where are the perpetrators of this designer genocide? The president, Dr Theodore Sindikubwabo, is in Zaire. Seraphin Rwabukumba, a leading member of the death squads, and Major-General Augustin Ndindiliyimana, who led the gendarmerie, are in Belgium. The former president's widow, Agatha Habyarimana, commutes between Kenya, Gabon and France. Have any of these, or other known perpetrators, been arrested? One only: Lon Mugesera, a leading ideologue of genocide, who was arrested and charged in Canada, but is now out on bail. Successfully inciting genocide is, it seems, a bailable offence.
There can never have been a more compelling case for justice, for both victim and perpetrator, than the genocide of Rwanda. Impunity, the "gangrene of Africa", must not triumph again.
Physicians for Human Rights
ALEX DE WAAL
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