I myself had recognised, acting as head waiter at the Burlington Hotel, Dover, a German artillery captain whom I had met at the table d'hote at the Europeischer Hof in Metz. After I had spoken to him, he disappeared for good. I learnt that he had been addicted to long early morning walks.
My grandfather was a fluent German speaker.
In addition to William Le Queux's fictional cases mentioned by Phillip Knightley, my grandfather says he received useful evidence for his cause from the actions of F. T. Jane (founder of the Naval Annual.)
He was on the lookout for spies, and kidnapped in his car a Portsmouth German and deposited him in the Duke of Bedford's animal park at Woburn. He naturally got into trouble and publicity. After this, dozens of letters telling of suspicious behaviour by Germans were received.
The outcome of the 1909 sub-
committee of the Committee of Imperial Defence was their recommendation, leading to Cabinet approval, of the organisation of a counter-espionage system by MO5.
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