Tamed animal performances have been part of Chinese culture since the Tang dynasty, and the Shanghai circus features dogs, a chimpanzee, macaque monkeys and tigers. The star attraction was the routine presented by a giant panda. A similar animal was featured by the Chinese Circus tour of Canada a few years ago.
All-human Chinese and Russian circuses toured here are cited by animal rights activists as examples of 'enlightened' foreign attitudes to performing animals. This is misinformation.