While the rebels besieged Roman settlements and Adriatic ports, however, Tiberius was able to surround the region and use enveloping forces to open up lines of communication along the Sava and Drava river valleys to the beleaguered settlements. Rebel forces were then isolated in hill country, the smaller groups being attacked and broken up, while the food supplies on which they depended were destroyed. Tiberius also preferred to use negotiation from a position of strength to pitched battle, despite political pressure from Rome for a speedy victory. Although Tiberius had to use 10 legions and a large auxiliary force to pacify the region, only low casualties were incurred.
The result was a lasting peace for the region in AD 9, and its fuller involvement in the empire. Tiberius himself was commended by his soldiers for being careful and considerate. General Norman Schwarzkopf cited Hannibal as an influence on his Gulf war strategy, but military strategists could learn from Tiberius. Politicians, however, could also learn from this precedent not to ignore other unstable regions, for it was the neglect of the would-be province of Germany that led to a defeat for Rome there, and its loss in the same year as Tiberius's pacification of the Balkans.
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