What is commonly forgotten is that the Princely States, of which Jammu and Kashmir was but one, were not 'part of India' but legally independent states aligned by treaty directly with the King Emperor. In 1947 each of the rulers was invited to join India or Pakistan. The Maharajah of Jammu and Kashmir elected to join India, despite a large Muslim population, with consequences we are witnessing today. The Nizam of Hyderabad, the ruler of an overwhelmingly Muslim state, elected to join Pakistan, a decision which resulted in a 'police action' to incorporate Hyderabad forcibly into India.
There is blame on all sides, more on some than others, but it is a dangerous over-simplification to suggest that the British government 'drew a line' (or two lines) willy-nilly on the map of India and walked away.
P. A. D. HURST
London, SW7Reuse content