This is the week that was

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The Independent Online
19 June:

1846: The first official baseball game is played between the New Yorks and the Knickerbockers at Hoboken NJ.

1885: The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York from Paris.

1910: Father's day is instituted by Mrs John Bruce Dodd of Spokane, Washington.

1953: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are sent to the electric chair, the first married couple executed for spying in the US.

20 June:

1921: Washington imposes fines on women caught smoking: $25 plus $100 per cigarette.

1949: Wimbledon tennis scandal as "Gorgeous Gussie" Moran exposes lace- trimmed panties under her short skirt.

1963: The White House and Kremlin set up a "hot line".

1990: London Transport phases out the Routemaster bus.

21 June:

1876: The first gorilla arrives in Britain.

1937: Wimbledon is televised for the first time.

22 June:

A sad day for the musical with the deaths of Judy Garland (1969) and Fred Astaire (1987).

1814: Marylebone Cricket Club and Hertfordshire contest the first match played at Lords.

23 June:

1848: Adolphe Sax is granted a patent for the saxophone.

1987: The US Supreme Court backs the use of testimony obtained under hypnosis.

24 June:

1947: The first flying saucers in modern times are spotted by pilot Kenneth Arnold - nine disc-shaped objects flying over mount Rainier, Washington.

1983: Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.

1985: Col. Patrick Baudry of Air France, on the space shuttle Discovery, announces that: "in zero-g you can put your trousers on two legs at a time".

25 June:

1811: Sir John Throckmorton wins a 1,000 guineas wager that a woollen coat can be made between sunrise and sunset, starting with an unshorn sheep.

1867: Lucien B Smith of Kent, Ohio, patents barbed wire.

1876: General Custer makes his last stand against chief Crazy Horse and the Sioux at the Little Bighorn river.

1925: The first car telephone is demonstrated in Germany.

1967: Pancho Gonzales wins the longest ever men's singles match at Wimbledon, beating Charlie Passarell 22-24, 1-6, 16-14, 6-3, 11-9.