1207: Liverpool is created a borough by King John.
1922: The first radio commercial is broadcast, advertising an apartment block in New York.
1988: The Yantlee Polyclinic in Bangkok claims that hunger may be suppressed by pressing lettuce seeds in your ears 10 times before meals.
1882: England loses a test match to Australia for the first time. The "ashes" are born in an obituary for English cricket in the Sporting Times.
1885: Gottfried Daimler patents the first motorcycle.
1897: Chop suey is invented in New York, a dish designed to appeal to both Chinese and American diners.
30BC: Cleopatra dies.
1860: Britain's first tramway opens in Birkenhead.
1881: The first stereo system is patented by Clement Ader of Germany.
1901: Herbert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.
1900: Coca-Cola goes on sale in Britain.
1963: The Hot Line comes into operation between the White House and the Kremlin.
1830: Sarah J Hales publishes the poem "Mary Had a Little Lamb".
1878: Emma Nutt, of Boston Mass, becomes the world's first female telephone operator.
1951: Britain's first superm- arket opens, the Premier in Earls Court.
1971: The old penny and 3d piece cease to be legal tender.
1988: The New York Health Department announces that in the previous year 8,064 people were bitten by dogs, 1,587 were bitten by other people and one savaged by a penguin.
1666: The Great Fire of London starts at a bakery in Pudding Lane.
1858: The song "The Yellow Rose of Texas" is copyrighted in New York by a composer identified only as "JK".
1932: The International Rugby Board condemns modern scrumming methods.
1752: The Georgian calendar is adopted in Britain and the date jumps suddenly to 14 September.
1783: Britain recognises American independence.
1967: Sweden switches to driving on the right, leaving Britain alone on the left in Europe.