1886: Karl Benz patents the first petrol-driven car.
1927: Opening of the Park Lane Hotel, the first with a private bathroom for each room.
1985: Oxford dons vote against the award of an honorary degree to Margaret Thatcher.
1649: Beheading of Charles I.
1933: President von Hindenburg names Adolf Hitler as the new chancellor of Germany.
1948: Assassination of Gandhi.
1961: Contraceptive pills first go on sale in Britain.
1606: Guy Fawkes is hanged, drawn and quartered.
1747: The first clinic for venereal diseases opens at the London Lock Hospital.
1983: The wearing of seat belts becomes compulsory in the front seats of cars in Britain.
1884: A-Ant, the first volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, is published.
1911: Edward Mylius is sent to jail for one year for libel, after he called George V a bigamist.
1915: Passport photographs become compulsory on British passports.
1973: Women are first allowed on the floor of the Stock Exchange.
1852: Britain's first public lavatory is opened in London.
1880: Frozen meat is imported into Britain for the first time from Sydney, Australia.
1962: A conjunction of eight planets portends the end of the world. Indian astrologers chant a liturgy 4.8 million times, the Burmese Prime Minister sets free goats, pigs, bulls, crabs and doves, and the cataclysm is averted.
1942: The Government announces maximum prices for clothes. A suit may cost no more than pounds 4 18 shillings and eightpence.
1962: Britain's first newspaper colour supplement appears in the Sunday Times.
1963: Margaret Hunter, a learner driver, is fined for driving on after her instructor had jumped from the vehicle shouting: "This is insane".Reuse content