1154: Nicholas Breakspear becomes Adrian IV, the last English pope.
1934: UK rail fares cut to a penny a mile.
1937: First appearance of Desperate Dan in the Dandy.
1961: Contraceptive pills become available on the NHS.
1988: Lorin Maazel conducts all nine Beethoven symphonies in a single day.
1697: The new St Paul's Cathedral has its first Sunday service.
1766: James Christie holds his first auction in London.
1839: Postage rates cease to be dependent on distance as a standard charge of 4d per half-ounce is adopted.
1933: Prohibition ends in US.
1958: The Queen telephones the Lord Provost of Edinburgh to inaugurate the new STD service of direct dialling.
1557: A pig at the Commune of Saint Quentin, France, is condemned to be "buried all alive" for having devoured a child.
1774: Austria becomes the first country to introduce a state education system.
1877: Edison records "Mary had a little lamb".
1926: Mussolini approves the introduction of a tax on bachelors.
1817: Death of Captain William Bligh, once captain of the HMS Bounty.
1907: At the fight between Gunner Moir and Tommy Burns, Eugene Corrie becomes the first referee to officiate inside a boxing ring.
1911: China outlaws the pigtail.
1982: Charles Brooks Jr is the first to be executed by lethal injection in the US.
1863: Tom King becomes the first world heavyweight boxing champion, beating John Heenan for the title.
1934: The London-Australia air mail service begins.
1981: Arthur Scargill is elected President of the NUM.
1783: First executions at Newgate Prison.
1814: Death of Joseph Bramah, inventor of the beer pump.
1960: The first episode of Coronation Street is screened.
1844: "A Grand Exhibition of the Effects Produced by Inhaling Nitrous Oxide, Exhilarating or Laughing Gas" is held in Hartford, Connecticut.
1845: Robert Thompson invents pneumatic tyres.
1868: The first traffic lights come into operation off Parliament Square. Three weeks later they blow up, killing the policeman operating them.
1917: The first slogan appears on postmarks: "Buy British War Bonds Now".
1927: Greyhound racing begins at Wembley Stadium.
1928: Piccadilly Circus tube station opens.Reuse content