Officers from Fremont Police had been chasing a suspect along the highway of the Californian city, reaching speeds of up to 120mph.
However as the chase progressed officer Jesse Hartman, who was leading the pursuit, warned he may have to fall back.
The force was the first in the US to deploy a fully electric vehicle on patrol duty.
“I am down to six miles of battery on the Tesla so I may lose it here in a sec,” the officer told his colleagues via radio, “If someone else is able, can they manoeuvre into the number one spot?.”
Shortly after the officer had called in the issue the chase was called off over safety concerns, with the suspect driving onto the hard shoulder alongside heavy traffic.
Their vehicle was later found abandoned in San Jose. A felony warrant has been issued for the driver.
A spokesman for the force confirmed to NBC Bay Area the 2014 Tesla Model S, introduced as part of a trial in March, had not been charged at the start of the shift.
"It happens from time to time” he added “especially if an officer returns to the station to take a report and then they never go back out in the street"
“The officer was monitoring the charge and responsibly notifying every one of its status during the approximate 10 mile pursuit.
“We had other units behind the Tesla in the pursuit to take over and California Highway Patrol was also responding.
“Pursuits on the freeway are usually pretty short in duration, as we turn them over to CHP as soon as they get to our location."
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