Zoom Video Communications reported that it made a $660m (£476m) pre-tax profit in 2020, up from $16m (£11.5m) in 2019, according to the non-profit Institute On Taxation and Economic Policy.
Zoom’s video conferencing platform was widely used by remote workers and school children across the US due to Covid social distancing and quarantine measures.
“The immediate shift to online activity explains the company’s unprecedented income growth. For many, Zoom has become a ubiquitous daily meeting space, both for work, class instruction, family gatherings and evening happy hours,” said an ITEP report.
“But why was the company’s income bonanza not matched by at least a token federal tax bill?
“The main answer appears to be the company’s lavish use of executive stock options. Zoom’s income tax reconciliation says it reduced its worldwide income taxes by $300m in 2020 using stock-based compensation.”
The ITEP report states that companies that compensate their leadership with stock options can write off, for tax purposes, “huge expenses that far exceed their actual cost”.
And the report added: “The company appears to have enjoyed tax benefits from accelerated depreciation and research and development tax credits.
“Notably, the combination of three tax breaks appears to be the recipe that Amazon and Netflix have used with such success to reduce their federal tax bills during the Trump corporate tax era so far.”
Zoom’s success during the pandemic saw it with $4.2bn in cash and equivalents on hand at the end of the 2020 fourth quarter.
“Zoom complies with all applicable tax laws in the countries where we do business. Zoom has invested heavily in research and development activities to build and enhance its communications technology— development activity that is specifically encouraged under current law,” a Zoom spokesperson told The Independent.
“We are proud of the role we have played through this technology in supporting and fueling the US economy, particularly during the pandemic, enabling tens of thousands of businesses and schools to continue operating.
“Post-pandemic, as companies evolve once again, we look forward to enabling them to be more efficient, collaborative, and inclusive— creating jobs, strengthening local economies, and helping propel the US recovery.”
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