A group led by a North Korean defector living in a container-box home near the world's most militarised border has provoked yet more division between South and North Korea.
Lee Min-bok lives in a small hut near the Korean Demilitarized Zone and regularly sends satchels with thousands of anti-Kim Jong-un flyers to North Korea via cylindrical 7-metre-tall hot-air balloons.
Sometimes the satchels contain more than just anti-North Korea leaflets, such as instant noodle packs, $1 bills and USB sticks containing South Korean soap operas.
To time his deliveries perfectly, he studies satellite weather data on his laptop. Lee defected from the North in 1995 following a devastating famine believed to have killed nearly a million North Koreans.
The 57-year-old defector has been launching roughly 50 million leaflets a year for the past decade and believes that his propaganda is the best way of achieving peace between the two nations, rather than official negotiations.
"My balloons are the way to achieve peace and unification and tell North Koreans the truth - not to hate the United States and South Korea," he said.
On October 4, three senior officials from North Korea made a surprise visit to the South, with a follow-up round of talks set to take place in late October or early November.
However, North Korea's state KCNA news agency said such negotiations were being stymied by Lee's propaganda, which it called "a premeditated and deliberate politically-motivated provocation perpetrated under the backstage wire-pulling of the U.S. and the South Korean authorities".
A North Korean website called Uriminzokkiri described Lee as "less than a beast" and "human garbage".
Military officials from North and South Korea met on Wednesday to discuss the recent exchange of gunfire following Lee's latest airborne campaign, but South Korea's Defense Ministry said they did not resolve their differences.
While North Korea continue to call for a half to Lee's campaign, South Korea said they have no legal grounds to stop him. However, South Korean police have now rented the house next door to Lee's to keep an eye on him.
Additional reporting by Reuters.
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