Flight 139 landed at Tel Aviv’s Ben Gurion Airport after a seven-and-a-half hour journey, marking a diplomatic shift for Riyadh that Israel says was fuelled by shared concern over Iranian influence in the region.
“This is a really historic day that follows two years of very, very intensive work,” Israeli tourism minister Yariv Levin said, adding that using Saudi airspace cut travel time to India by around two hours and would reduce ticket prices.
Saudi Arabia – birthplace of Islam and home to its holiest shrines – does not recognise Israel.
Riyadh has not formally confirmed granting the Air India plane overflight rights. While the move ended a 70-year-old ban on planes flying to or from Israel through Saudi airspace, there is no indication that it will be applied for any Israeli airline.
The Air India Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner entered Saudi airspace at around 16.45GMT on Wednesday and overflew the kingdom at 40,000ft for about three hours.
The airliner had earlier flown over Oman, according to Flightradar. Officials from Oman, which also does not recognise Israel, could not be reached for comment.
Israel’s flag carrier El Al, excluded from the Saudi route, says its Indian competitor now has an unfair advantage.
El Al currently flies four times a week to the Indian city of Mumbai. Those flights take around seven hours and 40 minutes, following a Red Sea route that swings toward Ethiopia to avoid Saudi airspace.
If El Al planes were to fly on to New Delhi, a destination El Al has said it might be interested in, they would require another two hours – and significantly more fuel.
Interviewed on Israel’s Army Radio, Mr Levin voiced confidence that El Al would eventually be allowed to use Saudi airspace.
“You know, they said the Saudis wouldn’t let any flight pass. So here, the Saudis are permitting it. It is a process, I think. Ultimately this [El Al overflights] will happen too,” he said.
Asked if any other foreign airlines might follow Air India by opening routes to Tel Aviv over Saudi Arabia, Mr Levin said he has been in negotiations with Singapore Airlines and a carrier from the Philippines, which he did not name.
“They are certainly showing readiness and desire to fly to Israel and I don’t know if they will also receive permission like the Indian airline,” he said.
Singapore Airlines did not immediately reply to a request for comment. Saudi officials could not immediately be reached.
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