The Jewish Museum/Pallant House, London/Chichester

Visual art review: RB Kitaj, Obsessions - The rise and fall and rise again of an embittered virtuoso

4.00

 

Although R B Kitaj lived in Britain for nearly 40 years, he ended up an obsessive, wounded outsider.

And when his major retrospective at the Tate was slated by so many critics in 1994, he became traumatised. Soon after the show opened, his second wife, Sandra Fisher, died of an aneurism, suddenly and unexpectedly. So Kitaj blamed the hostile critics for her death, and embarked on a large, angry painting called The Killer-Critic Assassinated by his Widower, Even. Here, Kitaj portrays himself and Manet shooting straight into the eyes of a monstrous, vomiting creature, whose crazy face bulges with venom. Soon afterwards, Kitaj returned to his native US and settled in Los Angeles. There he spent his final decade; he never recovered from Sandra's death, and committed suicide just before his 75th birthday.

Now, six years later, this tragic artist has his first major UK retrospective since the gruesome Tate debacle. Divided between the Jewish Museum in London and Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, it offers fascinating insights into the complex, emotional and culturally hungry painter who made England his home in the late 1950s.

Even before then, his life had been difficult. His Hungarian father left the family soon after Kitaj was born, near Cleveland, Ohio, in 1932. Almost a decade passed before his Jewish mother, Jeanne, married Walter Kitaj, a Jewish emigré from Vienna. And in 1948, the teenage RB hitch-hiked to New York before roaming the oceans as a merchant seaman. Only later did he study art, gaining a place at the Royal College of Art in 1959. There, in an exceptionally lively student group, David Hockney became his lifelong friend.

The vitality of Kitaj's early work is summed up by a large painting on view at Pallant House: The Ohio Gang. This early masterpiece was based on John Ford's 1949 Western, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon: the erotic female nude dominating the picture has pledged herself to one of the men lurking, in strangely distorted poses, nearby. Here he handles oil and graphite with exceptional virtuosity, but the suicide in 1969 of his first wife, Elsi Roessler, prompted him to reconsider his art and resume drawing from life.

Kitaj was an inveterate reader, and in the early 1970s he came across Hannah Arendt's devastating book Eichmann in Jerusalem. It prompted him to engage with the Holocaust and dwell on his own Jewishness. The visual results were uneven and, at times, overloaded with complex references. But one outstanding painting, now in the Jewish Museum show, is called If Not, Not. It takes us into a wrecked landscape inspired by sources as diverse as T S Eliot's The Waste Land and Giorgione's The Tempest. But the entire melancholy scene is dominated by the gatehouse at Auschwitz. Looming like a spectre over the alienated figures below, this grim structure sums up Kitaj's growing preoccupation with the tragic aspects of human existence.

It culminated, in 2007, in the decision to terminate his own life, after producing some self-portraits where his despair is conveyed with harrowing power. These two well-selected shows offer a much-needed opportunity to reassess him, and realise what an intense artist we have lost.

The Jewish Museum (020-7284 7384) and Pallant House (01243 774557) to 16 June

Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment

ebooksNow available in paperback
Arts and Entertainment

ebooks
Arts and Entertainment
Christopher Eccleston (centre) plays an ex-policeman in this cliché-riddled thriller

TV review
Arts and Entertainment
Lena Headey looks very serious as Cersei Lannister in Game of Thrones

TV This TV review contains spoilers
Arts and Entertainment

film
Arts and Entertainment
Wiz Khalifa performs on stage during day one of the Wireless Festival at Perry Park in Birmingham

music
Arts and Entertainment
Festival-goers soak up the atmosphere at Glastonbury

music

Arts and Entertainment
Star Wars creator George Lucas

film

Arts and Entertainment

music

Arts and Entertainment
A shot from the forthcoming Fast and Furious 7

film

Arts and Entertainment
The new-look Top of the Pops could see Fearne Cotton returns as a host alongside Dermot O'Leary

TV

Arts and Entertainment
The leader of the Church of Scientology David Miscavige

TV

Arts and Entertainment
No half measures: ‘The Secret Life of the Pub’

Grace Dent on TV The Secret Life of the Pub is sexist, ageist and a breath of fresh air

Arts and Entertainment
Art on their sleeves: before downloads and streaming, enthusiasts used to flick through racks of albums in their local record shops
musicFor Lois Pryce, working in a record shop was a dream job - until the bean counters ruined it
Arts and Entertainment
Serial suspect: the property heir charged with first-degree murder, Robert Durst
TV review
Arts and Entertainment
Igarashi in her

Art Megumi Igarashi criticises Japan's 'backwards' attitude to women's sexual expression

Arts and Entertainment
Could Ed Sheeran conquer the Seven Kingdoms? He could easily pass for a Greyjoy like Alfie Allen's character (right)

tv Singer could become the most unlikely star of Westeros

Arts and Entertainment
Beyonce, Boris Johnson, Putin, Nigel Farage, Russell Brand and Andy Murray all get the Spitting Image treatment from Newzoids
tvReview: The sketches need to be very short and very sharp as puppets are not intrinsically funny
Arts and Entertainment
Despite the controversy it caused, Mile Cyrus' 'Wrecking Ball' video won multiple awards
musicPoll reveals over 70% of the British public believe sexually explicit music videos should get ratings
Arts and Entertainment
Lena Headey as Cersei Lannister and Ian Beattie as Meryn Trant in the fifth season of Game of Thrones

TV
Arts and Entertainment

book review
Arts and Entertainment
It's all in the genes: John Simm working in tandem with David Threlfall in 'Code of a Killer'

TV review
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating
    and  

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband

    Chuka Umunna: A virus of racism runs through Ukip

    The shadow business secretary on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
    Yemen crisis: This exotic war will soon become Europe's problem

    Yemen's exotic war will soon affect Europe

    Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
    Marginal Streets project aims to document voters in the run-up to the General Election

    Marginal Streets project documents voters

    Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
    Game of Thrones: Visit the real-life kingdom of Westeros to see where violent history ends and telly tourism begins

    The real-life kingdom of Westeros

    Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
    How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

    How to survive a Twitter mauling

    Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
    Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

    At dawn, the young remember the young

    A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
    Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

    Follow the money as never before

    Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
    Samuel West interview: The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents

    Samuel West interview

    The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
    General Election 2015: Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

    Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

    Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
    Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

    Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

    The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence
    Public relations as 'art'? Surely not

    Confessions of a former PR man

    The 'art' of public relations is being celebrated by the V&A museum, triggering some happy memories for DJ Taylor
    Bill Granger recipes: Our chef succumbs to his sugar cravings with super-luxurious sweet treats

    Bill Granger's luxurious sweet treats

    Our chef loves to stop for 30 minutes to catch up on the day's gossip, while nibbling on something sweet
    London Marathon 2015: Paula Radcliffe and the mother of all goodbyes

    The mother of all goodbyes

    Paula Radcliffe's farewell to the London Marathon will be a family affair
    Everton vs Manchester United: Steven Naismith demands 'better' if Toffees are to upset the odds against United

    Steven Naismith: 'We know we must do better'

    The Everton forward explains the reasons behind club's decline this season
    Arsenal vs Chelsea: Praise to Arsene Wenger for having the courage of his convictions

    Michael Calvin's Last Word

    Praise to Wenger for having the courage of his convictions