The fight for gender equality will always seem to inevitably fall in front of the camera, so starkly visible amongst its onscreen heroines and celebrity actors. But, to bring those iconic female characters to screen and create those spectacular roles for our Jennifer Lawrences and Julianne Moores, there is a desperate need for diversity behind the camera as well.
That's how to really combat the same old stories forever being told and retold in Hollywood movies; there are hundreds of voices and visions being shut out from filmmaking due to the same old biases and archaic structures. New approaches to the camera, to the written word, to sets and stunts; yet women largely make up only 15-19% of behind-the-scenes roles.
It's time to recognise the extraordinary work of women behind Hollywood's cameras; and, though this list is only a tiny portion of those contributions, these women's creative achievements are certainly worth the celebration.
Ava DuVernay - Director/ Marketer/ Distributor
Marvel knew exactly what they were onto in courting DuVernay to direct Black Panther; the multi-talented creative force is one of Hollywood's fastest rising stars, thanks to her incredible documentation of the 1965 Selma to Montgomery voting rights marches. Selma displays adept narrative skills we'll surely see put into use once more on her co-created series, Queen Sugar; she'll also be directing Disney's A Wrinkle in Time and sci-fi comedy Intelligent Life.
Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy - Producer/ Director
Sharmeen made history this year as the only Pakistani to win two Academy Awards; she was also the only woman of colour to win this year. Her powerful, moving documentary on honour killing, A Girl in the River: The Price of Forgiveness, may even spark political change. "The Pakistani Prime Minister has said that he will change the law on honour killing after watching this film," she stated during her acceptance speech. "That is the power of film."
Maryann Brandon & Mary Jo Markey - Editors
The female team who edited Star Wars: The Force Awakens helped bring to life one of the world's most beloved franchises: from the thrills of seeing the Millenium Falcom burst into action, to the terrors of Kylo Ren's powers or the mysteries of Rey's dream sequence. The blockbuster pair were also responsible for editing Abrams' other films: Mission: Impossible III, Super 8, Star Trek, and Star Trek: Into Darkness.
Maryse Alberti - Cinematographer
Maryse Alberti knows how to make a fight look good; she's lensed both Darren Aronofsky's The Wrestler and Ryan Coogler's Creed. She's a major played in a field particularly devoid of women, who make up less than 4% of the membership of the American Society of Cinematographers. Though largely specialising in documentary, Alberti is currently working on the highly-anticipated Collateral Beauty starring Will Smith, Kate Winslet, and Keira Knightley.
Jenny Beavan - Costume Designer
The world fell in love with Mad Max: Fury Road's Jenny Beavan on Oscar night, as she picked up her gong for Best Costume Design. Though her self-deprecating attitude and bedazzled biker jacket were both charming and refreshing on their own terms, Beavan boasts an incredible body of work which previously saw her win an Oscar for 1987's A Room with a View. Her work will next be seen in Gore Verbinski's A Cure for Wellness.
Marielle Heller - Director
Heller's already made a splash in Hollywood with only her debut feature, The Diary of a Teenage Girl. Adapted by Heller herself from Phoebe Gloeckner's diaristic graphic novel, the frankness of Minnie (Bel Powley)'s sexual awakening amongst the backdrop of '70s San Francisco is a refreshingly honest, non-judgemental portrait of feminine-driven sexuality in a system which seeks to suppress it.
Judy Becker - Production Designer
She captured the pulsating nerve at the heart of the '70s in American Hustle, and the dreamlike romance of Carol. She created the backdrop to the burning love of Brokeback Mountain, the acute pain of Shame, and the ambitions of Joy. Becker's Oscar-nominated work has put her in high demand amongst some of Hollywood's finest directors, particularly in her frequent collaborations with David O. Russell.
Zoë Bell - Stunt Double
Bell is surely stuntwork's most recognisable face, thanks to her string of acting roles in Quentin Tarantino's Death Proof, Django Unchained, and The Hateful Eight. However, she'll forever best be remembered as Uma Thurman's stunt double in the Kill Bill movies; though her heavy slate has seen her work on the likes of Iron Man 3, Alias, and Xena: Warrior Princess.
Nina Yang Bongiovi - Producer
With Bongiovi onboard as producer, Ryan Coogler's 2013 flick Fruitvale Station, documenting the last day of Oscar Grant III before he was shot by police, has now catapulted both its director and star Michael B. Jordan to the big leagues. Alongside production partner Forest Whitaker, she also produced last year's critically acclaimed Dope; and looks to strike gold once more with documentary Richard Pryor: Is It Something I Said?
Victoria Alonso - Producer/ Visual Effects
If you want proof it's Marvel's visual effects team that are keeping the studio on top of their game, just look to Victoria Alonso. Having served as visual effects producer on the likes of Ridley Scott's Kingdom of Heaven, she became Marvel's visual effects chief for its Phase I movies, before a promotion to the Executive Vice President of Physical Production to the studio. She's a lifelong advocate for the promotion of women in the visual effects industry; something her position will now surely inspire in future generations.
Kelly Marcel - Screenwriter
Marcel's daunting task of adapting the steamy blockbuster novel Fifty Shades of Grey clearly paid off; her name is now attached to a certified blockbuster and the fastest-selling R-rated title of all time. However, Marcel actually started out her career doing uncredited re-writes for Nicholas Winding Refn's ultraviolent 2009 biopic Bronson. Now how's that for range?
Patty Jenkins - Director
Having helped Charlize Theron win her Academy Award for Monster, Jenkins is now striding into cinematic history; she's directing Wonder Woman's solo film, bringing to screen one of DC's most iconic properties after 76 years left trapped within the page. Having previously departed from Marvel's Thor: The Dark Wold, Jenkins will now be the first female director to take on a major project for the DC universe.
Rachel Portman - Composer
Portman is the go-to soundtrack for your tragic, yearning romances; she's penned the music for the likes of Chocolat, The Cider House Rules, One Day, The Duchess, and Never Let Me Go. She was the first female composer to win an Academy Awards, for Emma in 1996; in 2010, she was appointed with an OBE for her contributions to British film. Her work will next be seen in the Jesse Owens biopic, Race.
Amma Asante - Director
Belle's beautifully crafted tale, inspired by the portrait of mixed race aristocratic Dido Elizabeth Belle, may not have received the awards glory it deserved; however, her upcoming A United Kingdom is an already hotly-tipped contender for the 2017 awards race. Starring David Oyelowo and Rosamund Pike, Asante once more takes inspiration from history; here, the interracial romance between Prince Seretse Khama and Ruth Williams. Their love sparked international outrage, though Khama overcame his troubles to lead Botswana's independence movement.
Katie Dippold - Screenwriter
One of the brightest voices of the current comedy scene, Dippold graduated as a writer for Parks and Recreation and MADtv to pen the hit, The Heat. Its success then landed her one of this year's most covetable gigs, co-writing the upcoming Ghostbusters reboot with Paul Feig. And, judging from the hilarious trailer, it's a job extremely well done.
Niki Caro - Director
Having first shot to fame for the Oscar-nominated Whale Rider back in 2002, Caro should get set for the awards circuit once more when her hotly-tipped The Zookeeper's Wife hits screens this year. Starring Jessica Chastain, it recounts the story of Warsaw Zoo's keepers, Antonina and Jan Zabinski, who helped to save hundreds during the Nazi invasion of Poland by hiding them within their zoo's cages.
Francine Maisler - Casting Director
Though Oscars night always leaves us inevitably fawning over the performances of its winners, it's always important to remember the skills of a great casting director in herding the perfect actor into the perfect role. Maisler helped Leonardo DiCaprio to his Oscar for The Revenant, Lupita Nyong'o to hers for 12 Years a Slave; with Jennifer Lawrence and Chris Pratt in Passengers, plus Michael Fassbender and Alicia Vikander in The Light Between Oceans, don't be surprised if another Oscar winner is thanking Maisler next year.
Jennifer Yuh - Director
Originally a storyboard artist, Yuh has achieved a whole host of honours with her debut feature Kung Fu Panda 2. She's the first woman to solely directed an animated feature from a major Hollywood studio, the second woman nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, and her film is the most financially successful to be directed by a woman. She can next be seen at work with her return to the franchise, Kung Fu Panda 3.
Megan Ellison - Producer
Ellison has risen to the position of one of Hollywood's super-producers in the space of just 10 short years; founding Annapurna Pictures, she's produced the likes of Zero Dark Thirty, Joy, True Grit, Her, Foxcatcher, and American Hustle. Her dedication and passion landed her in TIME's list of the 100 Most Influential People in the World in 2014. In 2016, Ellison's focus turns to the indie scene, acting as producer on Todd Solondz's Wiener-Dog, Ana Lily Amirpour's The Bad Batch, Richard Linklater's Everybody Wants Some, and Mike Mills' 20th Century Women.