In 1956 it reportedly took Elvis seven hours to cut a record, released five weeks later. The speed of the process was, at the time, considered remarkable.
A little over a decade later, when the by then very famous Rolling Stones fled to France to record Exile on Main St, the speed of the process had deteriorated. It took four years – between 1968 and 1972 – to write and record the album, punctuated by bickering, drug use and re-recordings.
Now, more than half a century later, the accepted wisdom that producing a record must be a laborious process, plagued by indecision and constant revision, has been turned on its head.
Today in Music City – Nashville, Tennessee – Jack White, the former White Stripes frontman, is attempting to break the record for the “world’s fastest released record” from studio to store.
His bid, marking Record Store Day, an annual tradition that started in the US seven years ago to unite artists, fans and independent record stores around the world, will begin with a live performance of the title track from his upcoming album, Lazaretto, which will then be cut straight to vinyl.
The ‘direct-to-acetate’ recording process was recently revived by White through his independent record label, Third Man Records, with a live release series from the likes of Neil Young, Seasick Steve and The Shins.
Following White’s recording, the masters will be taken from Third Man Records’ innovative blue room, incidentally the only live venue in the world where artists can record live shows straight to vinyl, to United Record Pressing, the one-stop record making shop.
There, they will be pressed before being transported back to Third Man HQ, where they will be sold for one day only.
And, as long as fans are queuing up to buy the single, United will continue to press and deliver to Third Man to meet demand.
“This project is unprecedented as far as I know,” said Brian Jackson, author of The Music Producer’s Survival Guide. “This process usually takes a few months to up to a year for a full-length album. For a single release, average time would be a few months; a few weeks would be quick.”
The world’s current "fastest album release", according to Guinness World Records, belongs to Vollgas Kompanie. The Swiss polka trio released their album, Live, on 16 August 2008, the day after it was recorded.
But with just a few hours to play with, what element of the production process might prove the most time-consuming for White?
Record Store Day 2014: Best UK exclusives
Record Store Day 2014: Best UK exclusives
1/12 'Pennyroyal Tea/I Hate Myself and Want To Die' - Nirvana
Original plans to release this single in 1994 were cancelled due to Kurt Cobain's death. Now, 20 years on, Nirvana are releasing it on 7" vinyl for Record Store Day. Just 6,000 copies are being pressed of their first vinyl release since the Nineties.
2/12 'You've Got Time' - Regina Spektor
Regina Spektor is releasing the theme song for Netflix original 'Orange Is The New Black' on 7" orange vinyl. The track was nominated for a 2013 Grammy Award. Yours exclusively on Record Store Day!
3/12 'Indie Cindy' - Pixies
Pixies are making their new album available to buy exclusively in independent record shops on Record Store Day, 10 days before its general release date, so get in there quickly for a first listen.
4/12 'Rock'n'Roll Suicide' - David Bowie
The 70s music legend will release 'Rock'n'Roll Suicide' in the UK to mark the track's 40th anniversary. The new 7" picture disc will feature a recording of Bowie retiring Ziggy Stardust with 'Farewell Speech' at Hammersmith Odeon in 1973 - ideal for collectors!
5/12 'Life After Death' - The Notorious B.I.G
The rapper's final ever album is a 'must-have' in any music collection. Now's your chance to grab a special reissue pressed on triple, clear vinyl
6/12 'Recover' - CHVRCHES
Chvrches are reissuing this synth anthem on a hand-stamped, numbered 12" with just 2,300 copies available - be quick!
7/12 'Collision Course' - Jay Z and Linkin Park
Ten years ago Jay Z and Linkin Park hooked up for this fun mash-up and now you can own it in on a special edition blue vinyl complete with rare performance DVD. Just 2,500 out there!
8/12 'An Ideal For Living' - Joy Division
Joy Division's 1978 debut EP has been 're-imagined' for Record Store Day 2014. The new version was remastered at London's Abbey Road Studios and includes the two songs not included on rarities collection 'Substance'. No Nazi imagery features here, unlike the original 7" sleeve. Extremely rare.
9/12 'Ghostbusters' - Ray Parker Jr
Record Store Day attendees are in with a shot of owning this limited edition glow in the dark 'ecto green' 10" vinyl to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the 1984 film. The classic theme tune is backed by the original 1984 dance remixes - what's not to love?
10/12 'It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back' - Public Enemy
Public Enemy are releasing their classic album as an 'explicit version' so hunt it down for a barrage of swear words!
11/12 'Demolicious' - Green Day
Green Day's special release will be 18 demo tracks on an LP called 'Demolicious'. These were recorded in 2012 during sessions for their Uno! Dos! Tre! album trilogy. This two-disc set will be released on red and clear vinyl and includes an unreleased track 'State of Shock' and acoustic version of 'Stay the Night'.
12/12 'Blue Smoke' - Dolly Parton
Ahead of her Glastonbury performance in June, Dolly Parton is releasing a limited edition 7" blue vinyl featuring two tracks from her upcoming album 'Blue Smoke'.
“Recording the song usually takes the longest time, followed by mixing and then mastering,” said Jackson. “For one song, it can easily take a day or two to record everything. Then it’s another day to mix it, then an hour to pre-master it and then a few more hours to make the master disk, depending on the specific manufacturing process.”
If White was recording and releasing a digital record this Saturday, his endeavour would be a whole lot simpler, added Jackson, who anticipates the future of music production will be “a continued digitisation of most processes, using a hybrid of analogue and digital tools”.
“Digital is much easier to replicate than acetate,” he said. “It is faster. To copy digital files on your computer, you just drag them to another drive. To copy analogue, you have to play it in real-time from one device to another. Plus, digital is known for its perfect copies but with analogue, a copy of a copy loses quality with each generation.
“It also costs a lot less to produce music with digital equipment. White is doing a hyper-speed version of an old-school approach. No one does anything like this these days, certainly not big name artists.”
A spokesperson for Guinness World Records told The Independent that it had not had any contact from Jack White, or any of his representatives, but that they do monitor a record category for the “fastest time to record and release a single on vinyl”.
“We’re currently researching the subject to see if White’s record proposal of five hours to complete the process will indeed qualify as a record,” said Damian Field, PR manager at Guinness. “ We have to ensure that nobody has done it faster. We’ll be in a position to confirm this next week.”
To find out more about Jack White’s record-breaking attempt, visit thirdmanrecords.com