Obituary: Guru Hanuman
Friday 11 June 1999
Under his baleful eye, they learnt wrestling grips, feints and tricks which few in India know today. Two of Hanuman's disciples won gold medals at the Asian Games in 1982 and 1986. Seven others trained at his akhada won various national championships and received the Arjuna Award, the highest honour for Indian sportsmen. Others coached by him represented India at the Olympics and a handful secured medals in free-style wrestling in the 1970s and 1980s at the Commonwealth Games.
Free-style Indian wrestling in which Hanuman specialised has few rules, no mats and no time limit. The duration of each bout can seem interminable as two wrestlers circle one another in a bid to get a firm grip and pin the other flat or "chitt" on the ground for the count of three.
At times, locked in a deathly clinch, wrestlers push and pull one another around the ring for long periods, aiming to flatten their opponents with the "sudden death" stratagem which Hanuman perfected. This deft manoeuvre entails tripping up one's opponent and then flinging him to the ground before he regains his footing.
Wrestling is highly popular in northern India, mainly amongst rural folk who have little or no access to many other forms of entertainment. It is not uncommon at evening time to see hundreds of villagers gathered around a mud wrestling pit, cheering on the local lads dressed in skimpy loin-cloths, grappling with one another.
On special occasions rural competitors oil their bodies, making a firm grip difficult. This makes the bouts lengthier, tests the competitors' skills to the maximum and adds spice to the betting. Wrestlers or pahelwans become folk heroes in rural India and some are in great demand by political parties during elections to boost their chances at the hustings.
Hanuman was born in 1901 in Chidwa village in western Rajasthan into a poor home, and named after the mythical monkey god with formidable physical prowess and agility. He did not attend school but began wrestling at the local village akhada for fun at an early age. His inherent wrestling talent greatly impressed a local businessman who persuaded him to move to Delhi and helped establish his akhada in 1923 in the old, northern part of the walled city area.
Within a few months Hanuman's fame as an accomplished wrestler spread and youngsters flocked to be part of his seminary, dedicating themselves to his strict regimen that included numerous workouts and mud-pit wrestling besides practising special holds and grips. The inmates' bonus was a rich, vegetarian diet, swimming in gallons of ghee or clarified butter and endless glasses of milk. This diet kept Hanuman fit and coaching till he died in a car accident at the age of 98.
In the early 1940s he inadvertently became involved with India's freedom struggle when he provided refuge to a wanted revolutionary fleeing the police. He was arrested by the police and reportedly subjected to severe third-degree torture that included being hung upside down for hours over a well. But he was steadfast and refused to divulge the whereabouts of the wanted man, who managed successfully to evade capture.
After independence in 1947 Hanuman's akhada became the home for competitive wrestlers in northern India. He never turned professional, concentrating exclusively on coaching. In the 1980s he was awarded the Padma Shree, one of India's highest civilian honours, and the Shree Dronacharya Award - named after the mythical sage warrior - which is reserved for coaches.
Hanuman, wrestler: born Chidawa village, India 15 March 1901; died Meerut, India 24 May 1999.
GlastonburyWI to make debut appearance at Somerset festival
TV reviewIt has taken seven episodes for Game of Thrones season five to hit its stride
FilmPalme d'Or goes to radical and astonishing film that turns conventional thinking about immigrants on its head
Potter's attempt to create an Essex Taj Mahal was a lovely treattv
Arts & Ents blogs
- 1 I was raped by another man. And now the Government wants to take away the one thing that saved my life
- 2 Wikipedia edits from inside Parliament removing scandals from MPs' pages, investigation finds
- 3 Preston fan who appeared to snatch Jermaine Beckford's shirt from eight-year-old boy identified and says: 'the truth will come out'
- 4 Johnny Depp facing 10 years in jail for illegally bringing dogs to Australia
- 5 Iran launches anti-Isis cartoon competition 'to expose true nature of Islamic State'
Stolen Instagram photo sells for $90,000
Glastonbury lineup 2015: The Women's Institute to make debut appearance at Somerset festival
12 UK stores that sound like the hottest rappers of 2015
Suicide Squad: leaked footage gives us first look at Batmobile chasing Joker through city streets
Never Mind the Buzzcocks axed after 18 years
As a white man, I'm surprised more women aren't tweeting the hashtag #KillAllWhiteMen
EU referendum: David Cameron's rules are a 'democratic disgrace', says French-born Scottish politician set to be denied a vote
The day that Britain resigned as a global power
SNP fury as HS2 finds 'no business case' for taking fast train service to Scotland
A nation of inequality: How the UK is failing to feed its most vulnerable people
EU referendum: David Cameron to deny EU migrants and under-18s the chance to vote