Obituary: Richard Kiley

RICHARD KILEY twice won the New York theatre's Tony Award as Best Actor in a Musical, once for creating the role of Don Quixote in Man of La Mancha, in which he introduced the song "The Impossible Dream". He was also a fine straight actor, winning plaudits for his performances in Shaw and O'Neill, as well as three Emmy Awards for his work in television. His film roles included memorable character portrayals in Pick-Up on South Street and The Blackboard Jungle.

Born in Chicago in 1922 to an Irish Catholic family, he was educated by priests at Mt Carmel High School, then attended Loyola University where, as he later put it, he "seceded after a set-to with a particularly belligerent cleric. I decided that in the process of inclusion there is also a process of exclusion, and I don't believe in that. I don't like groups of any kind - not political or religious."

After training at the Barlum Dramatic School, he acted with repertory companies in Michigan, Philadelphia and New Jersey before serving as a gunnery instructor in the US Navy from 1943 to 1946. After service, he worked in radio soap operas, then took a train for New York "with $600 in my pocket and two suitcases". He joined the Actors' Workshop (a subsidiary of the Actors' Studio) but found little paid work. "This was a rough period," he said later. "I had gotten married, there was a baby on the way, and we were living in one room on the lower East Side. I had just about given up when I had had a call from my agent. They were looking for an understudy for Anthony Quinn for the touring company of A Streetcar Named Desire."

Kiley spent a year with the company, eventually playing the role of Stanley Kowalski. When he returned to New York, live television was thriving and he was given starring roles in Playhouse 90, Studio One and the Kraft Television Hour. "It was enormously exciting, but I missed a live audience," he later commented.

He made his New York stage debut as Joey Percival in Bernard Shaw's Misalliance (1953), winning the Theatre World Award, then was cast as the Caliph in the musical Kismet (1953), which starred Alfred Drake, who had been Broadway's leading male musical star since creating the role of Curley in Oklahoma! a decade earlier.

In Kismet, Kiley introduced the hit song "Stranger in Paradise", and confessed later, "It was rather daunting to appear on Broadway singing operatic music. I had never sung on stage before. Alfred Drake was marvellous to me, although I understand that he objected that I was not a true tenor, which is quite a legitimate gripe. He himself was a baritone, and I came in as a light baritone. They pushed my stuff up so that I was singing in a bright tenor key." Kiley's commanding presence and virile voice were to grace several musicals.

He returned to drama with Henry Denker and Ralph Berkey's compelling Time Limit (1956), in which he played an army major on trial for collaborating with the enemy while a captive in Korea, and at the Spoleto Festival in Italy he played James Tyrone in Eugene O'Neill's A Moon for the Misbegotten (1958).

During the Fifties Kiley made several films. He was an undercover agent exposing corrupt dock workers in The Mob (1951), then switched effectively to the other side of the law in Sam Fuller's Pick-Up on South Street (1953), playing a brutal spy who sadistically beats his girlfriend (Jean Peters) and cold- bloodedly murders a sick old lady (Thelma Ritter). He was fighting crime again in Phil Karlson's gritty Phenix City Story (1955) and the same year had a memorable role as the idealistic schoolmaster who is devastated when his treasured collection of Bix Beiderbecke records is smashed by a delinquent pupil (Vic Morrow) in Richard Brooks's The Blackboard Jungle.

Kiley returned to the musical stage to co-star with Gwen Verdon in Redhead (1959), the first show directed by Bob Fosse. "We crossed swords a few times," said Kiley. "Coming from choreography he expected an actor to behave like a dancer and just do as he was told. Occasionally I would ask, `Why?' There were a few sparks but our mutual respect overcame that." Both Verdon and Kiley won Tony Awards for their work in the show.

Two years later, Kiley had another dramatic success playing a young senator blackmailed because of a homosexual incident in his past in a stage version of Allen Drury's novel Advise and Consent (1961).

In No Strings (1962), the first musical for which Richard Rodgers wrote the words as well as the music, Kiley played an expatriate writer who falls in love with a black model played by Diahann Carroll, who was appearing in only her second Broadway show. "Richard Kiley was the kindest and most generous co-star an actress could hope for," she said. "He knows all the tricks for getting out of trouble when you lose your concentration or your throat starts to close, and went out of his way to share his experience with me." Kiley and Rodgers were not always on such good terms. "I had a tendency to band the notes a little," said the actor, "and he didn't like that at all."

In 1965 Kiley created the role for which he will always be remembered, the author Cervantes who, imprisoned during the Spanish Inquisition, entrances the other prisoners with his story of the idealistic Don Quixote, which he acts out for them. "I always thought I was a character man who was caught in a leading man's body," said Kiley. "Now I was offered the opportunity to work my way out. I knew Don Quixote would be the role of a lifetime." Kiley played the role for two years on Broadway, then after recreating it in Los Angeles played it in London at the Piccadilly Theatre in 1969. The role won him the Tony, the Drama League Award and the New York Critics Circle Award, and he went on to sing Quixote's credo, "The Impossible Dream", thousands of times.

Kiley was given his finest screen opportunity when Frank Sinatra backed out of the musical version of the cult novel The Little Prince. In the role of the Pilot, Kiley sang the Oscar-nominated title song, but, despite a Lerner-Loewe score and striking production design by John Barry, Stanley Donen's film failed to please critics or attract the public.

Moving into character roles, Kiley was the stern father whose harsh ways drive his daughter to promiscuity in the film Looking for Mr Goodbar (1977), but most of his later work was on stage or television. He won Emmy awards for The Thorn Birds (1983), A Year in the Life (1988) and Picket Fences (1994), and his stage roles included Alan Ayckbourn's Absurd Person Singular (1986), for which he affected a convincing British accent, a revival of Arthur Miller's All My Sons (1987), for which he received another Tony nomination, and a revival of The Heiress (1989), in which his performance as the father was favourably compared to that of Basil Rathbone in the original production.

He was also prolific in the field of voice-overs, providing narration for more than two dozen National Geographic specials as well as countless commercials.

Richard Kiley remained active until recently - he plays a doctor in the Robin Williams film Patch Adams - and was still fulfilling requests to sing Quixote's anthem in which he vows to "bear the unbearable sorrow" and "fight the unbeatable foe". Though the song provokes a strong reaction (even when the show opened some reviewers detested it) Kiley stated that it remained his favourite song. "People are always asking me to sing it at hospital openings and every place else, though I don't enjoy singing in a tuxedo. I feel I have to be wearing armour to do it right."

Richard Paul Kiley, actor: born Chicago 31 March 1922; married 1948 Mary Bell Wood (six children; marriage dissolved 1967), 1968 Pat Ferrier; died Warwick, New York 5 March 1998.

Arts and Entertainment
Kathy (Sally Lindsay) in Ordinary Lies
tvReview: The seemingly dull Kathy proves her life is anything but a snoozefest
Arts and Entertainment

Listen to his collaboration with Naughty Boy

music
Arts and Entertainment
Daniel Craig in a scene from ‘Spectre’, released in the UK on 23 October

film
Arts and Entertainment
Cassetteboy's latest video is called Emperor's New Clothes rap

film
Arts and Entertainment

Poldark review
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment

ebooksNow available in paperback
Arts and Entertainment

ebooks
Arts and Entertainment
TV
Arts and Entertainment
Katie Brayben is nominated for Best Actress in a Musical for her role as Carole King in Beautiful

film
Arts and Entertainment
Israeli-born actress Gal Gadot has been cast to play Wonder Woman
film
News
Top Gear presenter James May appears to be struggling with his new-found free time
people
Arts and Entertainment
Kendrick Lamar at the Made in America Festival in Los Angeles last summer
music
Arts and Entertainment
'Marley & Me' with Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson
film
Arts and Entertainment
Jon Hamm (right) and John Slattery in the final series of Mad Men
tv
Arts and Entertainment
theatre
Arts and Entertainment
Place Blanche, Paris, 1961, shot by Christer Strömholm
photographyHow the famous camera transformed photography for ever
Arts and Entertainment
The ‘Westmacott Athlete’
art
Arts and Entertainment
‘The Royals’ – a ‘twisted, soapy take on England’s first family’
tv Some of the characters appear to have clear real-life counterparts
News
Brooks is among a dozen show-business professionals ever to have achieved Egot status
people
Arts and Entertainment
A cut above: Sean Penn is outclassed by Mark Rylance in The Gunman
film review
Arts and Entertainment
arts + ents
Arts and Entertainment
James Franco and Zachary Quinto in I Am Michael

Film review Michael Glatze biopic isn't about a self-hating gay man gone straight

Arts and Entertainment
A scene from the movie 'Get Hard'
tvWill Ferrell’s new film Get Hard receives its first reviews
Arts and Entertainment
Left to right: David Cameron (Mark Dexter), Nick Clegg (Bertie Carvel) and Gordon Brown (Ian Grieve)
tvReview: Ian Grieve gets another chance to play Gordon Brown... this is the kinder version
Arts and Entertainment
Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman in the first look picture from next year's Sherlock special

TV
Arts and Entertainment
Because it wouldn’t be Glastonbury without people kicking off about the headline acts, a petition has already been launched to stop Kanye West performing on the Saturday night

music
Arts and Entertainment
Molly Risker, Helen Monks, Caden-Ellis Wall, Rebekah Staton, Erin Freeman, Philip Jackson and Alexa Davies in ‘Raised by Wolves’

TV review
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

ES Rentals

    Independent Dating
    and  

    By clicking 'Search' you
    are agreeing to our
    Terms of Use.

    War with Isis: Iraq declares victory in the battle for Tikrit - but militants make make ominous advances in neighbouring Syria's capital

    War with Isis

    Iraq declares victory in the battle for Tikrit - but militants make make ominous advances in neighbouring Syria
    Scientists develop mechanical spring-loaded leg brace to improve walking

    A spring in your step?

    Scientists develop mechanical leg brace to help take a load off
    Peter Ackroyd on Alfred Hitchcock: How London shaped the director's art and obsessions

    Peter Ackroyd on Alfred Hitchcock

    Ackroyd has devoted his literary career to chronicling the capital and its characters. He tells John Walsh why he chose the master of suspense as his latest subject
    Ryan Reynolds interview: The actor is branching out with Nazi art-theft drama Woman in Gold

    Ryan Reynolds branches out in Woman in Gold

    For every box-office smash in Ryan Reynolds' Hollywood career, there's always been a misconceived let-down. It's time for a rethink and a reboot, the actor tells James Mottram
    Why Robin Williams safeguarded himself against a morbid trend in advertising

    Stars safeguard against morbid advertising

    As film-makers and advertisers make increasing posthumous use of celebrities' images, some stars are finding new ways of ensuring that they rest in peace
    The UK horticulture industry is facing a skills crisis - but Great Dixter aims to change all that

    UK horticulture industry facing skills crisis

    Great Dixter manor house in East Sussex is encouraging people to work in the industry by offering three scholarships a year to students, as well as generous placements
    Hack Circus aims to turn the rule-abiding approach of TED talks on its head

    Hack Circus: Technology, art and learning

    Hack Circus aims to turn the rule-abiding approach of TED talks on its head. Rhodri Marsden meets mistress of ceremonies Leila Johnston
    Sevenoaks is split over much-delayed decision on controversial grammar school annexe

    Sevenoaks split over grammar school annexe

    If Weald of Kent Grammar School is given the go-ahead for an annexe in leafy Sevenoaks, it will be the first selective state school to open in 50 years
    10 best compact cameras

    A look through the lens: 10 best compact cameras

    If your smartphone won’t quite cut it, it’s time to invest in a new portable gadget
    Paul Scholes column: Ross Barkley played well against Italy but he must build on that. His time to step up and seize that England No 10 shirt is now

    Paul Scholes column

    Ross Barkley played well against Italy but he must build on that. His time to step up and seize that England No 10 shirt is now
    Why Michael Carrick is still proving an enigma for England

    Why Carrick is still proving an enigma for England

    Manchester United's talented midfielder has played international football for almost 14 years yet, frustratingly, has won only 32 caps, says Sam Wallace
    Tracey Neville: The netball coach who is just as busy as her brothers, Gary and Phil

    Tracey Neville is just as busy as her brothers, Gary and Phil

    The former player on how she is finding time to coach both Manchester Thunder in the Superleague and England in this year's World Cup
    General Election 2015: The masterminds behind the scenes

    The masterminds behind the election

    How do you get your party leader to embrace a message and then stick to it? By employing these people
    Machine Gun America: The amusement park where teenagers go to shoot a huge range of automatic weapons

    Machine Gun America

    The amusement park where teenagers go to shoot a huge range of automatic weapons
    The ethics of pet food: Why are we are so selective in how we show animals our love?

    The ethics of pet food

    Why are we are so selective in how we show animals our love?