Jumping for joy: new species of dolphin identified off Australia
Species is the fourth humpback species - a fact confirmed after major DNA tests
Steve Connor is the Science Editor of The Independent. He has won many awards for his journalism, including five-times winner of the prestigious British science writers’ award; the David Perlman Award of the American Geophysical Union; twice commended as specialist journalist of the year in the UK Press Awards; UK health journalist of the year and a special merit award of the European School of Oncology for his investigative journalism. He has a degree in zoology from the University of Oxford and has a special interest in genetics and medical science, human evolution and origins, climate change and the environment.
Wednesday 30 October 2013
A new species of dolphin has been identified living in the sea off northern Australia according to scientists who have carried out an extensive DNA analysis confirming that the sea mammal was unknown to science.
The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in New York and the American Museum of Natural History said that there are now four species of humpback dolphin in the world. One lives in the Atlantic, one in the central and western part of the Indian Ocean, one in the western Indian and Pacific Ocean, and now a new, unnamed species living in the waters off northern Australia.
A study in the journal Molecular Ecology analysed 180 dolphin skulls from around the world and 235 tissue samples analysing both mitochondrial and chromosomal DNA found significant variations between the four dolphin groups that warranted division into four distinct species, said Howard Rosenbaum of the WCS.
"New information about distinct species across the entire range of humpback dolphins will increase the number of recognised species and provides the needed scientific evidence for management decisions aimed at protecting their unique genetic diversity and associated important habitats," Dr Rosenbaum said.
Humpback dolphins grow up to 8 feet long and range in colour from dark grey to pink and white. They generally inhabit estuaries and coastal waters and have distinctive humps in front of their dorsal fins.
Diving in at the deep end is no excuse for shirking the style stakes
Britain 'faces blackouts' unless green balance improves, leading engineer warns
Discovered - a species of rat as big as a cat
The top 10 weirdest animal mating rituals
The ugliest animals on earth: Blobfish, axolotl and proboscis monkey battle it out to be named least attractive beast
Snowfalls are now just a thing of the past
- 1 Why I'm on the brink of burning my Israeli passport
- 2 Japanese plant experts produce 10,000 lettuce heads a day in LED-lit indoor farm
- 3 War is war: Why I stand with Israel
- 4 L'Oreal cuts ties with Belgium supporter Axelle Despiegelaere after hunting trip photographs
- 5 The true Gaza back-story that the Israelis aren’t telling this week
Sustained immigration has not harmed Britons' employment, say government advisers
War is war: Why I stand with Israel
7/7 memorial defaced on anniversary of 2005 attacks with ‘Blair lied thousands died’ graffiti
Australia facing international condemnation after turning around Sri Lankans at sea
Even when it brutalises one of its own teenage citizens, America is helpless against Israel
Socialist Worker called to apologise over ‘vile’ article saying Eton schoolboy Horatio Chapple's death is ‘reason to save the polar bears’
£70000 per annum: Harrington Starr: Information Security Manager (ISO 27001, A...
£30000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits + Bonus: Harrington Starr: C# Developer (...
£60000 - £80000 per annum + Benefits + Bonus: Harrington Starr: C# Integration...
£75000 - £85000 per annum + ex bens: Deerfoot IT Resources Limited: Biztalk Te...