Eugène Viollet-le-Duc's 200th birthday: Architect celebrated in Google doodle
Viollet-le-Duc dominates 19th-century theories of architectural restoration.
Google's latest doodle celebrates the French gothic revival architect, building restorer and theorist Eugène Viollet-le-Duc.
Born in January 1814 to a well-connected Parisian family, Viollet-le-Duc went on to dominate 19th-century theories of architectural restoration.
He initially studied Renaissance architecture in Italy before returning to France.
On his return he rekindled his lifelong love of Gothic engineering and decoration and was appointed in the 1840s to the Office of Historic Monuments.
His works were most restorative with few of his actual designs being ever realised. His restorative work was widely criticised during his lifetime.
Twentieth-century archaeologists and restorers have also criticised his restoration techniques which often involved adding completely new elements to the building.
His work at Roquetaillade castle, Pierrefonds, Saint-Michel, Carcassonne, and Mont Saint-Michel were among his most high-profile projectsm, but it was his restoration work on Notre Dame de Paris that brought him to national attention.
Viollet-le-Duc is considered by many to have been the first theorist of modern architecture.
Later in life Viollet-le-Duc had a second career in the military, most significantly in the defence of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
In his old age he relocated to Lausanne, Switzerland, where he constructed a villa.
He was commissioned to design the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty, but died in 1879 before the project was completed.
Life & Style blogs
New £3 pill that will help stop you drinking too much available on the NHS
Dame Vivienne Westwood: The former Queen of Punk may now be an establishment pillar, but her work is still controversial – and much copied
Revealed: Lidl’s £4 perfume smells identical to Chanel’s £70 scent - but the difference is in the bottle
Girl, 7, gets Tesco to remove 'stupid' sign suggesting superheroes are 'for boys'
Coke milk? Coca-Cola to launch premium milk brand called Fairlife
Rochester by-election: Ukip gains second MP as Tory defector Mark Reckless holds seat
'Beast of Bolsover' Dennis Skinner takes Ukip MP Mark Reckless to task moments after he is sworn in
Rochester by-election: Labour MP Emily Thornberry resigns after posting white van and England flags tweet
Ukip says babies born to immigrants in the UK should be classed as migrants – which would include Nigel Farage’s own children
The young are the new poor: Sharp increase in number of under-25s living in poverty, while over-65s are better off than ever
Tamir Rice: 12-year-old boy playing with fake gun dies after being shot by Ohio police
- 1 I'm A Celebrity 2014: Jungle security stepped up after murder and 'suspicious death' near to camp
- 2 Black Friday 2014: Opening times for Asda, John Lewis, PC World, GAME and Argos
- 3 To help fuel their propaganda machine against the poor, our government has now decided to redefine the word 'welfare'
- 4 Girl, 7, gets Tesco to remove 'stupid' sign suggesting superheroes are 'for boys'
- 5 Jeremy Hunt: 'I took my children to A&E because I didn't want to wait for GP appointment'
iJobs Gadgets & Tech
Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This consulting firm are searching for an Adva...
£20000 - £26000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Desktop Support Analyst - Sutton, Su...
£15k - 18k per year + Benefits & OTE: Opilio Recruitment: Digital Media, Mob...
£30000 - £40000 per annum + £70,000 OTE: h2 Recruit Ltd: London, Reading , Sou...