Fast food can make you depressed, less able to control your emotions - and cutting them out could improve your mood, new research suggests.
The study, published in the Journal of Health Psychology this month, examined the relationship between trans fats – commonly found in fast food and cakes – and emotional regulation.
Scientists at the at the San Diego State University Research Foundation used archival data on just under 5000 people, 1699 men and 3293 women, measuring their trans fats, also known as trans fatty acid, intake and then examining their emotion responses.
The study notes that individuals with higher intakes of trans fats experienced “difficulties with emotional awareness,” as well as a lower level of emotional “clarity”.
In turn, those individuals with a lower trans fats intake were associated with “increased positive and decreased negative affects” and were better able to control their emotions.
The findings chime with earlier studies. In 2013 a University of California study found that “greater trans fatty acids were significantly associated with greater aggression”.
The alternative burgers
The alternative burgers
1/10 Black 'Kuro' burger
Burger King Japan took weird burger mutations to new heights/lows, announcing a Premium Kuro Burger (kuro means "black") with black buns and cheese coloured with bamboo charcoal and squid ink ketchup.
2/10 Red burger
Burger King is now serving up red cheeseburgers in Japan. The Aka Burger ("aka" means "red") comes in two varieties - Samurai Beef and Samurai Chicken, both making use of red cheese and red buns. Tomato powder was added to give the ingredients their angry colour, with the burgers also coming with a red hot sauce made from miso and hot pepper.
3/10 ‘The Glamburger’
A restaurant in Chelsea has found a not-so-novel way to celebrate excess: by claiming to have created the world’s most expensive burger, embellished with gold leaf, lobster and caviar. Priced at £1,100 (or £1237.50 with service), the burger took three weeks to develop and has been verified by Record Setter as the highest priced in the world.
4/10 Doughnut burger
Why use buns when you have doughnuts? You can find these calorific sweet/savoury delights in America, also known as the 'Luther Burger'.
5/10 Ramen burger
Fried ramen noodles replace the traditional bun here, which, when introduced at a Brooklyn food market, sold out in hours.
6/10 Pizza burger
Bringing two of our favourite fast foods together, this burger is cooked inside a pizza, and packs a massive 1,360 calories.
7/10 Lasagna burger
This invention from Philadelphia’s PYT sees deep-fried lasagna replace the buns.
8/10 Holy cow
This special Father's Day dish from Reds True Barbecue in America contained 17 types of beef.
9/10 The Impossible Cheeseburger (Veggie burger)
Don't want to eat meat but enjoy the taste of seared carcass? The Impossible Cheeseburger might be the cheeseburger for you, using plants to make "the best meats and cheeses you’ll ever eat."
10/10 The 'Zinger Double Down King' burger
KFC's new meat beast burger is a bun-less creation with fried chicken acting as buns, released only in Korea so far.
Consuming a diet rich in trans fats has been linked to high cholesterol levels in the blood, causing heart attacks, heart disease and strokes.
But the mental health dangers have not been so widely accepted.
“We have quite enough evidence, but the scientific community insist on 'randomised controlled double-blind placebo trials' – hard to do, particularly for long periods. Instead, we should look at the totality of evidence."Reuse content