Ten years ago, my husband became sick with an autoimmune disease, and nutrition played a significant role in his recovery. What did I do when he got better? I became the food police, imagining that if I could control the food he and my children ate, I could keep us all healthy and safe. I figured this made me a magnificent mother and wife as well; if my family was guzzling artichokes and homemade soups and never saw sweets or chocolate, I deserved high marks.
I threw out everything I deemed unhealthy and made quinoa and kale daily staples. I talked about nutrition constantly and took every meal as an opportunity to teach my kids about healthy eating. Meals were no longer fun, they were lessons.
Not surprisingly, my kids became pickier and more resistant instead of embracing all the wonderful health foods I was parading in front of them. When I realised what I was doing, I had to actively recalibrate, especially the way in which I talked about food to my children and the frequency with which I talked about it.
Of course it was beneficial to teach them about which foods help them grow and which ones should be consumed in moderation. But making my goal at every meal to get them to eat as many healthy foods as possible, and to cut out all the unhealthy ones, was missing the point.
As parents, we should focus on creating independent eaters: kids who have a healthy relationship with food, who can self-regulate sweets and who enjoy all kinds of foods without a parent persuading them to eat.
It took a while for me to change my ways, but I did. I still feed my family mainly whole foods and tons of vegetables, but my boys will also occasionally have sweets and soft drinks. We love milkshakes, and our brownies are no longer made with black beans and beets: they actually have some chocolate and sugar in them.
What happens when parents focus too much on getting children to eat? Every time we talk about food while eating, whether to encourage children to eat more vegetables, praise them for finishing a healthy meal or comment on the amount of sugar they are consuming, they feel they are being watched and judged. They take these comments personally; they feel they are “bad” if they like unhealthy foods, and worry that you are disappointed that they don’t like the healthy ones.
The worst jobs for your health
The worst jobs for your health
1/10 10. Surgical and medical assistants, technologists, and technicians
Overall unhealthiness score: 57.3 What they do: Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel and perform medical laboratory tests. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 88 2. Exposure to contaminants: 80 3. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 69
2/10 9. Stationary engineers and boiler operators
Overall unhealthiness score: 57.7 What they do: Operate or maintain stationary engines, boilers, or other mechanical equipment to provide utilities for buildings or industrial processes. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 99 2. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 89 3. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 84
3/10 8. Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators
Overall unhealthiness score: 58.2 What they do: Operate or control an entire process or system of machines, often through the use of control boards, to transfer or treat water or wastewater. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 97 2. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 80 3. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 74
4/10 7. Histotechnologists and histologic technicians
Overall unhealthiness score: 59.0 What they do: Prepare histologic slides from tissue sections for microscopic examination and diagnosis by pathologists. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to hazardous conditions: 88 2. Exposure to contaminants: 76 3. Exposure to disease and infections: 75
5/10 6. Immigration and customs inspectors
Overall unhealthiness score: 59.3 What they do: Investigate and inspect people, common carriers, goods, and merchandise, arriving in or departing from the US or between states to detect violations of immigration and customs laws and regulations. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 78 2. Exposure to disease and infections: 63 3. Exposure to radiation: 62
6/10 5. Podiatrists
Overall unhealthiness score: 60.2 What they do: Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 87 2. Exposure to radiation: 69 3. Exposure to contaminants: 67
7/10 4. Veterinarians, veterinary assistants, and laboratory animal caretakers and veterinary technologists and technicians
What they do: Diagnose, treat, or research diseases and injuries of animals and perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 81 2. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 75 3. Exposure to contaminants: 74
8/10 3. Anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists, and anesthesiologist assistants
Overall unhealthiness score: 62.3 What they do: Administer anesthetics or sedatives during medical procedures, and help patients in recovering from anesthesia. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to disease and infections: 94 2. Exposure to contaminants: 80 3. Exposure to radiation: 74
9/10 2. Flight attendants
What they do: Provide personal services to ensure the safety, security, and comfort of airline passengers during flight. Greet passengers, verify tickets, explain use of safety equipment, and serve food or beverages. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 88 2. Exposure to disease and infections: 77 3. Exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings: 69
10/10 1. Dentists, dental surgeons, and dental assistants
Overall unhealthiness score: 65.4 What they do: Examine, diagnose, and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues affecting oral hygiene and retention of teeth. May fit dental appliances or provide preventive care. Top three health risks: 1. Exposure to contaminants: 84 2. Exposure to disease and infections: 75 3. Time spent sitting: 67
It has been shown that restricting foods makes the controlled foods more desirable, and rewarding children for eating healthy foods makes them like those foods less. The message here is that too much pressure on kids can make their eating habits worse.
Most of them inherently know how to eat without a parent pressuring them. They also know how to stop eating when they are full. Actively persuading kids to eat confuses their natural self-regulation. It also complicates the parent-child dynamic, creating an unnecessary point of conflict.
So even though I am in the business of healthy food, and love nothing more than educating families about nutrition, I have a New Year’s resolution for parents who are guilty of adopting the food police role: stop talking about food. If your child doesn't want to eat breakfast, don’t force her. If your child doesn’t like broccoli, don’t promise him it will make him big and strong. Even if you are excited she ate a healthy meal, don’t cheerlead. And definitely don’t entice him to eat a healthy dinner with the prospect of dessert. Then follow these pieces of advice. I bet you will have a delicious, less-pressured 2017 and your children will be eating well, all on their own.
Stop talking about nutrition, especially during meals, unless your children specifically ask a food question.
Set regular meal times.
Serve healthy foods for meals and snacks.
Model good eating habits.
Let your child decide whether he wants to eat what you have prepared, and how much.
Do not get emotionally invested in your child's food intake.
Do not be a short-order cook, customising meals for picky eaters.
Never shame or tease your child for being picky.
Do not demonise food, calling it “bad”, “toxic” or “junk” (all words I have used, I’ll admit).
Have fun at the table so meals become positive, relaxed experiences, for both you and your children.
Casey Seidenberg is co-founder of Nourish Schools, a Washington-based nutrition education company, and author of “The Super Food Cards”, a collection of healthy recipes and advice
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