The top 10 independent thinkers: rational

Since the invention of the wheel, ingenious visions have shaped the development of our lives both physically and mentally; rationally and emotionally. Although the motives and reasoning behind these visionaries may be at opposite ends of the scale, their work is among some of the most influential. Among some of the most rational thinkers are:

1. Thomas Edison

With 1,093 US patents to his name, Thomas Edison is considered one of the most prolific inventors of history. At Menlo Park – the first ever industrial research laboratory – he developed technology such as the telephone phonograph, the electric railway and electric lighting. Edison died on October 18 1931 at his hone in New Jersey, and his last breath is allegedly contained in a test tube at the Henry Ford Museum.

2. Isaac Newton

Newton’s work laid the foundations for classical mechanics, introducing the concept of a universal set of laws; according to the well-known story, the origins of his theories arose from seeing an apple fall in his orchard, and comparing the force of earthly and celestial objects. In 2005, a poll of the Royal Society deemed Newton more influential than Albert Einstein in respect of having the greatest effect on science.

3. George Fuller

A Boston architect and engineer, George Fuller invented the modern contracting system for building construction. Fuller’s became one of the first construction firms to be organised as a corporation having already built several skyscrapers including the Tacoma building. By the time Fuller died in 1900, Fuller Co. was serving as the general contractor across the country for large commercial buildings. His family tomb is Oak Wood’s largest and most spectacular on the Western shore of Symphony Lake.

4. John Kay

John Kay substantially contributed to the Industrial Revolution with the creation of the flying shuttle, greatly accelerating the speed of weaving. Despite providing an invaluable system to increase the efficiency of a production process struggling to keep up with demand, the flying loom went unappreciated by weavers who saw it as a threat to their jobs. His constructions were damaged or destroyed, and with a similar lack of success after fleeing to France, Kay died in penury in 1780.

5. Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin is known as the father of evolutionary biology – perhaps surprising considering he was a slow learner in his youth and was removed from school at 16 for poor grades and laziness! His revolutionary insights into the process of natural selection – most notably through his controversial 1859 publication On the Origin of Species – are now widely accepted as the basis of modern evolutionary theory.

And equally inventive and innovative, yet emotionally creative...

CLICK HERE for the top 5 emotional thinkers...

News
news

Lincoln MP Karl McCartney 'denied all knowledge' of the Twitter activity

News
Michael Buerk in the I'm A Celebrity jungle 2014
people
News
The author PD James, who died on 27 November 2014
people

Detective novelist who wrote Death comes to Pemberley passed away peacefully at her home, aged 94

Arts and Entertainment
Joel Edgerton, John Turturro and Christian Bale in Exodus: Gods and Kings
filmDirector said film would 'never have been financed' with ethnic minority actors in key roles
PROMOTED VIDEO
Life and Style
tech
News
people
Life and Style
tech Manband spurn Spotify to stream album exclusively with Google
News
Irradiated turkey and freeze dried mash potato will be on the menu this thanksgiving
video
News
Andy Murray with his girlfriend of nine years, Kim Sears who he has got engaged to
peopleWimbledon champion announces engagement to girlfriend Kim Sears
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs General

    Recruitment Genius: PHP Web Developer

    £20000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This leading provider of web an...

    Recruitment Genius: Class 1 Driver

    £12 per hour: Recruitment Genius: Our Client has been the leader in the events...

    Recruitment Genius: Finance and Office Administrator

    £35000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An award winning field marketing agency ...

    Recruitment Genius: Part Time Telesales / Appointment Maker

    £10000 - £15000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A professional telesales/appoin...

    Day In a Page

    Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

    Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

    It's in all our interests to look after servicemen and women who fall on hard times, say party leaders
    Millionaire Sol Campbell wades into wealthy backlash against Labour's mansion tax

    Sol Campbell cries foul at Labour's mansion tax

    The former England defender joins Myleene Klass, Griff Rhys Jones and Melvyn Bragg in criticising proposals
    Nicolas Sarkozy returns: The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?

    Sarkozy returns

    The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?
    Is the criticism of Ed Miliband a coded form of anti-Semitism?

    Is the criticism of Miliband anti-Semitic?

    Attacks on the Labour leader have coalesced around a sense that he is different, weird, a man apart. But is the criticism more sinister?
    Ouija boards are the must-have gift this Christmas, fuelled by a schlock horror film

    Ouija boards are the must-have festive gift

    Simon Usborne explores the appeal - and mysteries - of a century-old parlour game
    There's a Good Girl exhibition: How female creatives are changing the way women are portrayed in advertising

    In pictures: There's a Good Girl exhibition

    The new exhibition reveals how female creatives are changing the way women are portrayed in advertising
    UK firm Biscuiteers is giving cookies a makeover - from advent calendars to doll's houses

    UK firm Biscuiteers is giving cookies a makeover

    It worked with cupcakes, doughnuts and macarons so no wonder someone decided to revamp the humble biscuit
    Can SkySaga capture the Minecraft magic?

    Can SkySaga capture the Minecraft magic?

    It's no surprise that the building game born in Sweden in 2009 and now played by millions, has imitators keen to construct their own mega money-spinner
    The King's School is way ahead of the pack when it comes to using the latest classroom technology

    Staying connected: The King's School

    The school in Cambridgeshire is ahead of the pack when it comes to using the latest classroom technology. Richard Garner discovers how teachers and pupils stay connected
    Christmas 2014: 23 best women's perfumes

    Festively fragrant: the best women's perfumes

    Give a loved one a luxe fragrance this year or treat yourself to a sensual pick-me-up
    Arsenal vs Borussia Dortmund: Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain celebrates century with trademark display of speed and intuition

    Arsenal vs Borussia Dortmund

    The Ox celebrates century with trademark display of speed and intuition
    Billy Joe Saunders vs Chris Eubank Jnr: When two worlds collide

    When two worlds collide

    Traveller Billy Joe Saunders did not have a pampered public-school upbringing - unlike Saturday’s opponent Chris Eubank Jnr
    Homeless Veterans Christmas Appeal: Drifting and forgotten - turning lives around for ex-soldiers

    Homeless Veterans Christmas Appeal: Turning lives around for ex-soldiers

    Our partner charities help veterans on the brink – and get them back on their feet
    Putin’s far-right ambition: Think-tank reveals how Russian President is wooing – and funding – populist parties across Europe to gain influence in the EU

    Putin’s far-right ambition

    Think-tank reveals how Russian President is wooing – and funding – populist parties across Europe to gain influence in the EU
    Tove Jansson's Moominland: What was the inspiration for Finland's most famous family?

    Escape to Moominland

    What was the inspiration for Finland's most famous family?