With unemployment still high, it's a wonder more people don't take advantage of the excellent opportunities in online fraud. Why not start a website, advertise fictitious goods and watch the pounds roll in without getting off the sofa; or send out serious "phishing" emails asking for bank details? Ideally, swindlers should be domiciled abroad, where the chance of being caught by the virtual arm of the law is as remote as the physical connection between buyer and seller.
Indeed, with so much going for e-crime, one can only marvel at the proliferation of honest websites touting the likes of Roman coins, Elvis Presley LPs and 3D TVs. The majority of "e-retail" is charmingly stress-free and good value. Such is its surging appeal that half of all retail sales will be online by 2020, according to the Interactive Media in Retail Group. The only problem is that most customers are sketchy about their rights when shopping online or how to seek redress if there is a problem. Here are some pointers:
1. Avoid frauds
There is no surefire way of dodging web swindles, but, if possible, stick to reputable e-tailers such as amazon.co.uk, play.com or asos.com, or the virtual manifestations of high-street shops, such as johnlewis.com or argos.co.uk. Beware of lookalike sites. If in doubt, type the name into Google – the first link that comes up should be genuine. Check where a site is based. Don't assume that a .uk address guarantees a British company. It does not. Beware of sites listing a PO box as a contact. Be especially careful when buying: 1. Tickets for occasional events such as Reading Festival or the 2010 World Cup. Fake sites pop up each year advertising tickets for seasonal events, leaving a trail of disaffected punters. 2. Fashionable brands. British police shut 1,200 websites selling counterfeit or non-existent designer wear in December. Ugg Boots are a common con. The correct address is uggaustralia.com. One more tip: real banks NEVER email customers asking for sort codes or account/pin numbers.
2. Pay the right way
Look for the padlock symbol denoting secure payment. If you use a credit card for transactions over £100, Section 75 of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 requires the card provider to become involved if something goes wrong. This is particularly advisable if you're buying something particularly expensive or have never used the trader before. If worried about identity theft, use prepayment plastic such as Visa pre-paid.
3. Check the quality
Under the Sales of Goods Act, consumers have the same rights when buying from British websites as they do on the high street. Products must be "as described" and fit for purpose, meaning you can return a pair of shoes with shoddy seams or a TV that breaks after a few months. Generally, for goods bought from European sites, the consumer law of the trader's country applies (See resolving disputes, below).
4. Return shoddy goods
British customers have the right to return the vast majority of goods within seven days of delivery. They can be returned for any reason; if they are faulty or you don't like the colour or simply because you have CHANGED YOUR MIND. This cooling-off period is seven days for customers dealing with British websites and between seven and 14 days for the rest of Europe, depending on the state. The rights come from the EU Distance Selling Directive, which states that after customers cancel the order in writing, they should receive a 100 per cent reimbursement within 30 days. The law applies only to remote transactions where there is no face-to-face contact and excludes: finance, travel, regular deliveries of food and drink, unsealed computer software and newspapers and periodicals.
5. Resolve disputes
Complain to the trader first. If no joy, avail yourself of free help. For UK firms, contact Consumer Direct on 08454 04 05 06. For EU sites, call the UK European Consumer Centre on 08456 04 05 03.
Heroes & Villians
Hero: Essex fish & chip shops
Fraud swallows up to one-tenth of spending on food and drink, and there are a range of cons, such as selling bogus vintage wine or "organic" meat. One dodge involves fish and chip shops substituting Vietnamese catfish for cod: both have flaky white flesh, but while cod costs £12 a kilo, pangasius is £5. So what happened when trading standards officers analysed "cod" at 15 chippies in Essex? Every single fish supper was genuine.
Villain: Scottish Power
Ironic congratulations to the Spanish-owned energy giant which lumbered into life yesterday, cutting gas by 8 per cent from 31 March. The Energy Secretary, Ed Miliband, demanded a winter price cut from the Big Six on 18 November. British Gas started last month, followed by the only other British-owned firm, Scottish & Southern. The vernal equinox is on 20 March, the last possible interpretation of winter. Scottish Power is still the costliest supplier.