The secret to turning your children into savers? Don't give them pocket money
New research suggests that parental generosity is not the best way to make youngsters financially responsible
Following stints with Reuters and the Press Association, Martin Hickman joined The Independent as a news editor in 2001. He became the Consumer Affairs Correspondent in September 2005 and has run the paper's trenchant campaigns on packaging, bank charges and factory-farmed chicken. He writes on subjects as diverse as food, finance, energy and fashion. With Tom Watson, he is author of a new book on the phone hacking scandal, Dial M for Murdoch - News Corporation and the Corruption of Britain.
Tuesday 02 April 2013
Children who are given pocket money become poor savers, according to research which casts doubt on the wisdom of parental generosity, at least in terms of shaping a youngster’s financial rectitude.
Academics asked children about their income and outgoings, and found that those who were given a weekly sum free by their parents were less likely than those with a part-time job to put money aside.
The ability to save – or nor – tended to remain the same in early adulthood, the researchers found.
Sarah Brown and Karl Taylor, of the Department of Economics at Sheffield University, wanted to determine how parental attitudes and help shaped spending and saving habits.
They looked at the responses 6,000 children aged between 11 and 15 gave to the British Household Panel Survey, an annual study carried out by Essex University’s Institute for Social and Economic Research.
Pocket money dramatically lowered the chance that a child would save. A 1 per cent increase in a child’s allowance was associated with a 22 percentage point fall in the probability of saving.
Aside from the provision – or not – of cash, parental attitudes to money did not make much difference to children’s behaviour, with the amount that parents saved having no impact on the savings habits of their offspring.
The exception was that parents who were generally optimistic about money tended to have children who were less likely to save.
The study was presented to the annual conference of the Royal Economic Society.
The authors concluded: “Our findings suggest that the amount of the allowance or pocket money that the child receives from their parents is inversely associated with the probability of saving. In contrast, earnings from part-time work are positively associated with the probability that the child saves.
“Hence, different sources of income received by children appear to influence their saving behaviour in contrasting ways.”
A line in the 30-page research puts the point more simply: “The results indicate that the child’s allowance is negatively associated with the probability that the child saves.”
According to research published last year, average pocket money has started to fall. Parents now give their eight to 15-year-olds an average of £5.98 a week, a drop of 27p – or £14.04 a year – on 2011. In addition, girls receive an average of 37p a week less than boys.
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