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Births: Prince Ottavio Piccolomini, military commander, 1599; Andre- Charles Boulle, cabinetmaker, 1642; Johann Albert Fabricius, classical scholar, 1688; Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, navigator, 1729; Johann Kaspar Lavater, writer, pastor and founder of physiognomics, 1741; Feodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky, author, 1821; John George Brown, painter, 1831; Paul Signac, painter, 1863; Jean-Edouard Vuillard, painter, 1868; George Smith Patton, general, 1885; Rene Clair (Chomette), film director, 1898; Ivy Benson, bandleader, 1913.

Deaths: Johann Zoffany (Zauffely), theatrical painter, 1810; Soren Aabye Kierkegaard, philosopher, 1855; Ned Kelly, outlaw, hanged 1880; Thomas Adolphus Trollope, author, 1892; Valentine Cameron Prinsep, artist, 1904; Sir William Augustus Tilden, chemist, 1926; Sir Edward German (Edward German Jones), composer, 1936; Jerome David Kern, composer, 1945; Fred Niblo (Federico Nobile), film director, 1948; Victor Young, composer and conductor, 1956; Sir Alan Patrick Herbert, writer, 1971; Cyril Vernon Connolly, writer and critic, 1974; Alexander Milne Calder, sculptor, 1976; James Hanley, novelist and playwright, 1985; Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (Skriabin), Russian leader, 1986; Eamonn Andrews, television presenter, 1987.

On this day: work began on the Manchester Ship Canal, 1887; an armistice was signed between the Allies and Germany, 1918; the two-minute silence for the dead in the First World War was first observed, 1919; the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London, was unveiled, 1920; following the failure of his coup d'etat in Munich, Adolf Hitler was arrested, 1923; the first video recorder was demonstrated, Beverly Hills, California 1952; Ian Smith made a unilateral declaration of independence for Rhodesia, 1965; Israel and Egypt signed a ceasefire, 1973; in London, the new Covent Garden fruit and vegetable market opened at Nine Elms in south London, 1974.

Today is the Feast Day of St Bartholomew of Grottaferrata, St Mannas of Egypt, St Martin of Tours and St Theodore the Studite.