New vaccine offers hope of tuberculosis breakthrough
Steve Connor is the Science Editor of The Independent and i. He has won many awards for his journalism, including five-times winner of the prestigious British science writers’ award; the David Perlman Award of the American Geophysical Union; four times highly commended as specialist journalist of the year in the UK Press Awards; UK health journalist of the year and a special merit award of the European School of Oncology for his investigations into the tobacco industry. He has a degree in zoology from the University of Oxford and has a special interest in genetics and medical science, human evolution and origins, climate change and the environment.
Monday 05 September 2011
Scientists believe they have made a breakthrough in the development of a new vaccine against tuberculosis which kills an estimated 1.7m people in the world each year.
The existing vaccine, bacile Calmette-Guerin (BCG), provides some protection against childhood forms of the infection but is unreliable against the adult lung disease, which is steadily spreading.
Professor William Jacobs of Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York has devised a prototype vaccine against the TB microbe, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Professor Jacobs and his colleagues deleted a set of genes called ESX-3 from the mouse bacterium and substituted them with ESX-3 genes of the human infectious agent. Mice inoculated with the new strain survived infection with TB microbes.
"Most notably, those vaccinated animals that survived for more than 200 days had livers that were completely clear of TB bacteria, and nobody has ever seen that before.
"We don't even know yet if it will work in humans, but it's certainly a significant step in efforts to create a better TB vaccine," Professor Jacobs said.
The study was published in the journal Nature Medicine.
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