The lost girls: Main conclusions of The Independent's study

 

There is strong evidence that the overall gender ratio is significantly different from the background ratio in the case of UK parents born in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

There is strong evidence that the gender ratio of the second child is significantly biased in favour of boys in the case of Afghanistan and Pakistan.

There is some evidence that the gender ratio of the second child is significantly biased towards boys for parents born in Nepal, India and Bangladesh.

There is some evidence that the overall gender ratio of the second and third child is significantly biased in favour of boys for parents born in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh.

A conservative estimate for the number of "missing girls" based on this analysis is between 1,400 and 4,722.