Toxic secret of a nice smile
In babies a gummy smile is prized by all who witness it. In adults it can be the source of anxiety and grief. Now research has revealed that two simple injections into the so-called Elvis Presley muscle can help them smile along with the rest of the world.
A study of 52 people with a gummy smile – defined as any show of gum that extends more than two millimetres above the teeth during smiling – revealed that doctors have discovered a way of improving their smile with two injections of botulinium toxin rather than by resorting to surgery.
The study, reported in Plastic Reconstruction Surgery, revealed that patients were given injections in the levator labii superioris nasalis muscle – otherwise known as the Elvis muscle. This is the muscle that dilates the nostril and pulls the upper lip upwards during a smile. It is also brought into play when someone snarls, hence its renaming in honour of the king of rock'n'roll.
Patients given the injections were so happy with their new smiles that they gave the treatment an average score of 9.75 out of 10. The benefits lasted for a minimum of three months.
The researchers say the injections can also be used to treat lopsided smiles, by varying the amount of toxin injected into the muscles either side of the nose.
Jeremy Paxman reveals he has heard senior Tories calling activists 'swivel-eyed loons'
Gay couple beaten in park urge MPs to moderate language on gay marriage
Strewth mate. Aussies wave goodbye to Britain as it becomes too pricey to stay
X marks the spot: The find that could rewrite Australian history
'There are empty spaces where there used to be living rooms, bedrooms, classrooms': President Barack Obama says America is praying for Oklahoma in wake of tornado that claimed 24 lives
- 1 'He was lucky he didn't die' - George Michael fell out of speeding car onto M1 motorway, according to eye witness
- 2 Austerity has hardened the nation's heart
- 3 Gay couple beaten in park urge MPs to moderate language on gay marriage
- 4 Why Arsène Wenger must spend to put icing on the cake and buy likes of Stevan Jovetic for Arsenal
- 5 'It was just like the movie Twister': Man survives Oklahoma tornado by taking refuge in horse stall
BMF is the UK’s biggest and best loved outdoor fitness classes
Find out what The Independent's resident travel expert has to say about one of the most beautiful small cities in the world
Win anything from gadgets to five-star holidays on our competitions and offers page.
£26000 - £33000 Per Annum: The Green Recruitment Company: The Green Recruitmen...
Negotiable: Randstad Education Sheffield: We are currently recruiting newly qu...
Negotiable: Progressive Recruitment: Dear Sumadhab, A growing engineering comp...
£53000 - £58000 per annum: Randstad Education Group: Assistant Headteacher - S...