Clinton leads call to keep Iraq sanctions - World - News - The Independent

Clinton leads call to keep Iraq sanctions

FOUR YEARS after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, President Bill Clinton has declared that Saddam Hussein's regime continues to defy the terms of the Gulf war peace, thus inviting the continuation of sanctions.

In a marked departure from a tough policy towards Iraq, however, the most influential newspaper on foreign policy has questioned the legal basis for the re-imposition of these sanctions. The New York Times argued that the sanctions were imposed to ensure Baghdad observe its arms control obligations. This it has done. 'That according to the terms laid down by the United Nations should entitle it to relief from the international embargo on its oil sales some time next spring.'

Britain and the US, however, now cite other reasons not to lift the embargo, such as sponsorship of assassinations. This, says the New York Times, means 'in effect, Britain and the United States are changing the rules'.

In a report to Congress, Mr Clinton justified his stance by arguing that little had changed since Saddam Hussein sent his troops into Kuwait on 2 August 1990. 'The United States, together with the international community, is maintaining economic sanctions against Iraq because the Iraqi regime has failed to comply fully with United Nations Security Council resolutions,' he said.

'Four years after the invasion, a pattern of defiance persists,' Mr Clinton concluded, saying Baghdad still does not recognise its border with Kuwait. The regime was guilty of 'sponsorship of assassinations in Lebanon and in northern Iraq, incomplete declarations to weapons inspectors, and ongoing widespread human rights violations . . . as a result, the UN sanctions remain in place; the United States will continue to enforce those sanctions'.

He has the support of the leader of the main Iraqi opposition grouping. Ahmed Chalabi, who presides over the US-backed Iraqi National Congress, said sanctions should be maintained despite the worsening economic climate in his country. 'The people need food and medicines, which they can get if Iraq implements UN Security Council resolutions 706 and 712.' These allow for the sale of Iraqi oil with proceeds used for the purchase of food and medicine under UN auspices, and for compensation to be paid to Kuwait.

'The problem is that Saddam would rather see his people starve than accept international supervision of the proper distribution of food. He cites this would impinge on Iraqi sovereignty, but he accepted resolution 687 (on eradicating weapons of mass destruction). If Saddam Hussein gets money, he will not put people first.'

Mr Chalabi was scathing about countries seeking to lift the sanctions so that they can exploit what some see as a bonanza of reconstruction contracts. Three members of the security council - Russia, China and France - have all sought to relax the sanctions, reviewed every 60 days, as recognition of the progress Iraq has made in eradicating its weapons of mass destruction.

This wavering was worrying, he said. 'There is no passive strategy to unseat Saddam. We think there should be an active strategy to get rid of him.'

Suggested Topics
News
Paper trail: the wedding photograph found in the rubble after 9/11 – it took Elizabeth Keefe 13 years to find the people in it
newsWho are the people in this photo? It took Elizabeth Stringer Keefe 13 years to find out
Arts and Entertainment
Evil eye: Douglas Adams in 'mad genius' pose
booksNew biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Sport
FootballFull debuts don't come much more stylish than those on show here
News
i100
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Life and Style
Kim Kardashian drawn backlash over her sexy swimsuit selfie, called 'disgusting' and 'nasty'
fashionCritics say magazine only pays attention to fashion trends among rich, white women
Arts and Entertainment
TVShows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Arts and Entertainment
Hit the roof: hot-tub cinema east London
architectureFrom pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
Travel
travel
News
The ecological reconstruction of Ikrandraco avatar is shown in this illustration courtesy of Chuang Zhao. Scientists on September 11, 2014 announced the discovery of fossils in China of a type of flying reptile called a pterosaur that lived 120 millions years ago and so closely resembled those creatures from the 2009 film, Avatar that they named it after them.
SCIENCE
Life and Style
tech
Arts and Entertainment
Matisse: The Cut-Outs exhibition attracted 562,000 visitors to the Tate Modern from April to September
art
Life and Style
Models walk the runway at the Tom Ford show during London Fashion Week Spring Summer 2015
fashionLondon Fashion Week 2014
News
Kenny G
news
News
peopleThe black actress has claimed police mistook her for a prostitute when she kissed her white husband
Life and Style
techIndian model comes with cricket scores baked in
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

History Teacher

£110 - £160 per day + Mileage & Expenses: Randstad Education Leeds: Required i...

Nursery Nurse

£7 - £8 per day: Randstad Education Bristol: Nursery Nurse jobs in South Glouc...

English Teacher needed for long term cover

£110 - £130 per day + Competitive rates of pay TBA: Randstad Education Reading...

SEN Teaching Assistant

Negotiable: Randstad Education Bristol: Supply special needs assistants Jobs i...

Day In a Page

Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

A shot in the dark

Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
His life, the universe and everything

His life, the universe and everything

New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Save us from small screen superheroes

Save us from small screen superheroes

Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Reach for the skies

Reach for the skies

From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

12 best hotel spas in the UK

Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
How to make a Lego masterpiece

How to make a Lego masterpiece

Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam
'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

Exclusive extract from Janis Winehouse's poignant new memoir
Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

The Imitation Game, film review
England and Roy Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption in Basel

England and Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption

Welbeck double puts England on the road to Euro 2016
Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Pictures removed from public view as courts decide ownership
‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

Donatella Versace at New York Fashion Week