A mysterious crater has appeared at the “end of the world” in Siberia, leaving a pit 80m wide and so deep it has not yet been measured.
Researchers are being dispatched to investigate the hole, which has confounded scientists with its dramatic appearance.
Some have speculated it could have been made by a meteorite striking earth, an underground explosion, or is a sinkhole caused by collapsing rock, the Siberian Times reported.
One imaginative online commenter claimed it could even be evidence “of the arrival of a UFO craft” to the planet.
The area’s name, Yamal, translates as the “end of the world” and the remote peninsula reaches into the Arctic Ocean.
It holds some of Russia’s largest gas reserves and the crater appeared less than 20 miles from the biggest gas field, Bovanenkovo.
The dark colour of the crater’s sides was said in a Zvezda TV report to indicate “temperature processes” or burning.
Whatever caused it, it is large enough to comfortably fit several military helicopters in the entrance.
Experts from the Centre for the Study of the Arctic and the Cryosphere Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences will take samples of soil, air and water.
A spokesman for the Russian Emergencies Ministry’s Yamal branch ruled out a meteorite but said it was too early to say what cause the crater.
Initial reports about the phenomenon were dismissed as fakes but evidence has proved its existence for the last two years.
In pictures: 12 amazing archaeological discoveries
In pictures: 12 amazing archaeological discoveries
1/11 Ancient forest, discovered in February 2014
Ancient forest revealed by storms. The recent huge storms and gale force winds that have battered the coast of West Wales have stripped away much of the sand from stretches of the beach between Borth and Ynyslas. The disappearing sands have revealed ancients forests, with the remains of oak trees dating back to the Bronze Age, 6,000 years ago. The ancient remains are said by some to be the origins of the legend of ‚Cantre‚r Gwealod‚ , a mythical kingdom now submerged under the waters pif Cardigan Bay
2/11 The Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered ca. 1950
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3/11 Diamond, discovered in March 2014
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Richard Siemens/University of Alberta
4/11 Whale skeletons, discovered in February 2014
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5/11 Complete mammoth skeleton, discovered in November 2012
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6/11 Million-year-old human footprints, discovered in February 2014
Photograph of the footprint hollows in situ on the beach as Happisburgh, Norfolk
7/11 Terracotta warrior, discovered in June 2010
Chinese archaeologists unearthed around 120 more clay figures in June 2010 excavations at the terracotta army site that surrounds the tomb of the nation's first emperor in the northwestern Shaanxi Province
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8/11 Neolithic 'lost avenue' - prehistoric stone circle, discovered in September 1999
The discovery of a Neolithic 'lost avenue' was described as one of the most important finds of the last century. Since the 1700s, archeologists and historians have argued over the existence of the huge sarsen stones, which were unearthed at the site of the world's biggest prehistoric stone circle at Avebury in Wiltshire
9/11 Byzantine mosaic, discovered in February 2007
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10/11 Ancient gold, discovered in March 2014
Gold fitting for a dagger sheath (around 1900 BC.) found near Stonehenge
11/11 Rosetta Stone, discovered in 1799
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Anna Kurchatova, from the Sub-Arctic Scientific Research Centre, told the Siberian Times global warming could be a cause.
She believes the hole was formed by a mixture of water, salt and gas, igniting an underground explosion.
The gas had accumulated in ice mixed with sand beneath the surface of what was a sea 10,000 years ago, and ignited when the permafrost melted “like popping a champagne bottle”, she claimed.
If her analysis is correct, another explosion could have worrying implications for the many underground gas pipelines running through the region.
The nearby Bovanenkovo field is of central importance to gas supplies from Siberia to the world.
Yamal is also known for its huge reindeer herds, which are managed by the indigenous Nenets.