The Syrian government is dropping leaflets on civilian areas telling people to “expel terrorists" from their homes or die as it continues to retake territory from rebels backed by Russian air strikes.
Activists shared photos of material dropped in Hreitan, a town controlled by the Free Syrian Army and Islamist rebels, as battles and bombardment continued on Friday.
It was addressed to “residents and tribes and families and sons of Aleppo”, according to a translation by Erika Solomon, Middle East correspondent for the Financial Times.
“The operations of the Syrian Arab Army have begun and they will not stop until the final terrorist has been exterminated,” it continued.
“Expel the terrorists from your homes and your towns and villages. The army is coming and it will crush the terrorists.”
The leaflet called Assad’s army “the fortress that will protect you” and called on rebels and those who “betrayed or strayed” to put down their weapons and “find love and welcome” with government forces.
“Syria is the nation of Islam and Arabism,” it claimed. “Together, hand-in-hand, we will rebuild Syria more beautiful than it was before. Victory is close at hand.”
The Syrian regime classes all resistance including “moderate” rebels trained by the US as terrorists and has ignored international condemnation of its bloody crackdown on dissent since the Arab Spring in 2011.
Its advance has triggered a new wave of refugees trying to reach safety over the Turkish border, with up to 20,000 people fleeing their homes earlier this month.
Other leaflets were dropped on northern countryside in Homs, which is held by the Free Syrian Army and completely encircled by regime forces, on Wednesday.
The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights translated posters saying that “40 kinds of ammunition await you”, claiming they were capable of destroying bomb shelters and fortified buildings.
Fighters were urged to “drop your weapons to keep your life and your future”.
Another reportedly included a “safe passage card” supposedly allowing holders to travel through regime checkpoints safely and receive food and medical assistance.
More propaganda dropped on Aleppo by government helicopters at the start of this month warned of “bloodshed” and “destruction”.
Middle East Eye translated documents shared on social media on 2 February.
“The war is coming to its end,” residents were told.
“It will be tragic for all of us if it ends with the death of your loved ones and the destruction of your homes.
“The leaders of the Arab Syrian Army are proposing [either] bloodshed or [a chance to] avoid this fate by expelling the foreign and intruding fighters from your area – safe passage for their exit will be arranged.”
It ended by urging civilians to “save your lives and your homes”, and was signed off by the leadership council of the armed forces.
Assad’s forces made new gains on Saturday, capturing the village of Tamoura near Aleppo and tightening the noose around rebel-held parts of Syria’s second city.
In pictures: Russian air strikes in Syria
In pictures: Russian air strikes in Syria
Syrian boys cry following Russian air strikes on the rebel-held Fardous neighbourhood of the northern embattled Syrian city of Aleppo
Russian defense ministry spokesman Major General Igor Konashenkov speaks to the media in Moscow, Russia. Konashenkov strongly warned the United States against striking Syrian government forces and issued a thinly-veiled threat to use Russian air defense assets to protect them
Syrians wait to receive treatment at a hospital following Russian air strikes on the rebel-held Fardous neighbourhood of the northern embattled Syrian city of Alepp
Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov speaks at a briefing in the Defense Ministry in Moscow, Russia. Antonov said the Russian air strikes in Syria have killed about 35,000 militants, including about 2,700 residents of Russia
Jameel Mustafa Habboush, receives oxygen from civil defence volunteers, known as the white helmets, as they rescue him from under the rubble of a building following Russian air strikes on the rebel-held Fardous neighbourhood of the northern embattled Syrian city of Aleppo
Civil defence members rest amidst rubble in a site hit by what activists said were airstrikes carried out by the Russian air force in the town of Douma, eastern Ghouta in Damascus, Syria
A girl carrying a baby inspects damage in a site hit by what activists said were airstrikes carried out by the Russian air force in the town of Douma, eastern Ghouta in Damascus, Syria
Civilians and civil defence members look for survivors at a site damaged after Russian air strikes on the Syrian rebel-held city of Idlib, Syria
Civilians and civil defence members carry an injured woman on a stretcher at a site damaged after Russian air strikes on the Syrian rebel-held city of Idlib, Syria
Volunteers from Syria Civil Defence, also known as the White Helmets, help civilians after Russia carried out its first airstrikes in Syria
The aftermath of Russian airstrike in Talbiseh, Syria
Smoke billows from buildings in Talbiseh, in Homs province, western Syria, after airstrikes by Russian warplanes
Russian Air Forces carry out an air strike in the ISIS controlled Al-Raqqah Governorate. Russia's KAB-500s bombs completely destroy the Liwa al-Haqq command unit
Caspian Flotilla of the Russian Navy firing Kalibr cruise missiles against remote Isis targets in Syria
Â© TASS/ITAR-TASS Photo/Corbis
Russia claimed it hit eight Isis targets, including a "terrorist HQ and co-ordination centre" that was completely destroyed
A video grab taken from the footage made available on the Russian Defence Ministry's official website, purporting to show an airstrike in Syria
A release from the Russian defence ministry purportedly showing targets in Syria being hit
Russia launched air strikes in war-torn Syria, its first military engagement outside the former Soviet Union since the occupation of Afghanistan in 1979. Russian warplanes carried out strikes in three Syrian provinces along with regime aircraft as Putin seeks to steal US President Barack Obama's thunder by pushing a rival plan to defeat Isis militants in Syria
Caspian Flotilla of the Russian Navy firing Kalibr cruise missiles against remote Isis targets in Syria, a thousand kilometres away. The targets include ammunition factories, ammunition and fuel depots, command centres, and training camps
Â© TASS/ITAR-TASS Photo/Corbis
State television and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported the gains, while Hezbollah’s Al-Manar TV said government are now nearing the towns of Hayan and Anadan, which lie on the road to Aleppo city.
Activists were reporting Russian air strikes in the area today, as John Kerry, the US Secretary of State, accused the Kremlin of targeting civilians and legitimate opposition groups.
The Russian Prime Minister said the reports were “just not true” and claimed Isis was the target of his country’s intervention.
Talks in the German city of Munich on Friday saw world powers agree a temporary “cessation of hostilities” to start within a week but there was little hope for a long-term truce after Assad vowed to retake the whole of Syria by force.
Additional reporting by Reuters