England have confirmed that Andrew Strauss is stepping down as one-day captain and will be replaced by his Test match opening partner Alastair Cook, who was not even a member of the recent World Cup squad.
There is also a change in the Twenty20 set-up with Paul Collingwood giving up the captaincy and Stuart Broad taking over.
Strauss said: "I've enjoyed my time as England one-day captain immensely and I'm extremely proud of the strides we've made in limited overs cricket over the past two years.
"We still have a long way to go if we're to achieve our goal of winning ICC global events and I feel now is the right time for me to step aside and ensure someone else takes up that challenge.
"Retiring from one-day cricket will also enable me to focus solely on the Test captaincy and our ongoing development in the Test arena as we also strive to be the top ranked team in world cricket.
"I look forward to working closely with both Alastair and Stuart as we work together to progress England's development across all forms of the game.
"Both Alastair and Stuart are proven world-class cricketers and both have outstanding leadership qualities which will ensure England's success for many years to come."
Strauss's decision to concentrate on Test cricket was expected after both he and team director Andy Flower admitted after the World Cup that they would review the 34-year-old's role in the 50-over side.
England squeezed through the group stages, but then suffered a 10-wicket hammering by Sri Lanka in the quarter-finals.
Cook was the stand-out batsmen during the historic Ashes success during the winter, scoring a record 766 runs, but was not included for the subsequent one-day series against Australia or the World Cup.
In fact, the 26-year-old has made just three ODI appearances in the past two and a half years, all of which were made on last year's tour of Bangladesh when Strauss was rested.
Cook, who has 26 ODI caps, was trusted with the captaincy in those games and won all three while also averaging 52 at the top of the order.
Cook said: "Andrew Strauss has led the one-day team to continued success over the past two years and I'll be looking to continue that progress as captain.
"I'm excited by the challenge of taking our 50-over cricket to new heights and I believe I can play an integral role with the bat as well as captain.
"I've worked hard on my limited overs cricket in recent times - I've never seen myself as a Test batsman exclusively and I know I have a lot to offer strategically and as a top order batsman in one-day cricket."
Broad will make his debut as captain when he leads England's Twenty20 side against Sri Lanka in Bristol on June 25.
He said: "It's a huge privilege to be named England Twenty20 captain.
"I've always enjoyed playing the shortest form of the game and I relish the opportunity to develop my leadership skills as England's Twenty20 captain."
Collingwood added: "It's been a privilege to captain my country and I will look back fondly on my time as Twenty20 skipper.
"The highlight of my time as captain is clearly last year's World Twenty20 title but there have been many achievements to be proud of."
Team director Andy Flower admitted he was not sure whether the decision to choose three different captains - the first time England have done so - would work.
He was confident, however, that the situation would help provide new ideas to help keep his players fresh during a heavy international schedule.
"It's never been tried before so we are quite excited about the opportunity," he said.
"We are covering new ground. We do not know 100% whether it will work or be an effective and efficient system, but we are going to give it a try.
"With the quality people around us I think we form a good leadership team."
Flower also believes Cook and Broad's progress as leaders will be aided from working alongside two-time Ashes-winning skipper Strauss.
"These two young captains will learn a lot from him," he added.
"I think they're lucky to have him as a sounding board. This could be the most effective use of our resources.
"Over the next few years we will see if that works or not."
The 43-year-old did reveal that Collingwood had been "very disappointed" to lose the Twenty20 captaincy, but said the time was right to give the younger players their chance in leadership roles.
"He's very disappointed, as you would expect," he said.
"He has been a very successful Twenty20 captain. He has been an outstanding member of the England side for a long time.
"He continues on as a player, but we believe that it is time to move on.
"This next generation of young England leaders, behind Andrew Strauss, we feel their development and what they can give to English cricket in medium to long term is an important aspect of this decision."