The Government has described how it has outlined ‘ambitious proposals’ to put ‘students at the heart of higher education’ in its first major policy paper since the election - the green paper.
Highlighting reforms which, it says, are designed to boost teaching standards, support more people into university from disadvantaged backgrounds, and ensure better value for money and employment prospects for students, not everyone is sharing in the Government’s enthusiasm.
The National Campaign Against Fees and Cuts (NCAFC) - the group behind this week’s mass student demonstration in Central London - said in a statement that, if the Government’s series of changes are implemented, it would ‘further entrench the marketisation of universities’, meaning governments could raise fees without even a vote in Parliament.
“This is not just an attack on education as a public service; it is a direct assault on the right of students and the wider public to scrutinise and resist future fee rises,” the group said, further accusing Universities Minister Jo Johnson of treating students as ‘consumers’.
Read the paper in full:
The University and College Union (UCU) also said it expressed ‘concerns’ over some of the plans which have been outlined, particularly to do with a Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF). The UCU even went as far as to warn the Government to ‘step back’ from plans to allow more for-profit companies easier access to the higher education sector, particularly, it said, after ‘scandals surrounding quality of courses and the misappropriation of taxpayers’ money’.
Gov attacks in #HEgreenpaper are genuinely breathtaking in their ambition to totally end public higher education.— Against Fees & Cuts (@NCAFC_UK) November 6, 2015
Summary of #HEgreenpaper: markets, consumers, markets, value for money, markets, fees, private providers, pipeline of graduates, markets.— Sorana Vieru (@SoranaBanana) November 6, 2015
The vision in #HEgreenpaper is of students as customers, education as a commodity, and universities as businesses. Neoliberal wet dream— Against Fees & Cuts (@NCAFC_UK) November 6, 2015
On top of this, the National Union of Students (NUS) said that, whilst it believes all students should have access to high quality teaching, it does, however, oppose further rises in tuition fees, adding how a focus on teaching should not be linked to fees.
NUS president, Megan Dunn, described how both the NUS and students’ unions will be making sure ‘the student voice is too loud for the Government to ignore.’
So, just what is it about this green paper that has students and their advocates up in arms? Here are the key points which the Government looks set to face a potentially tough time over:
1) Higher tuition fees
Shorter HE Green Paper - Students! say your university is good and we'll put your fees up. Now there's an incentive— Chris Bertram (@crookedfootball) November 6, 2015
Universities should be given Ofsted-style rankings and highly rated institutions should be allowed to charge higher fees in line with inflation from 2017/18. This proposal has come just days after a mass protest in London against the already rising cost of higher education in England and Wales.
Basically, under this proposal, the best performing universities will be allowed to charge more than £9,000 a year, while poorly performing ones could risk losing fee income if they are shunned by prospective students.
Unsurprisingly, this has not gone down well with the NCAFC. The group’s James Elliot warned: “It will be a disaster for students and education workers alike, meaning more fees and debt, and threatening jobs too.”
2) Creation of a new Office for Students
Any Office for Students needs to be independent of government. Our take on the HE Green Paper https://t.co/T1K3rf5GIy— million+ (@million_plus) November 6, 2015
The proposed merger of Hefce and the Office for Fair Access (Offa) to create a new Office for Students needs to be just that: an office for students run by students and their advocates.
However, there is concern that, if this new office does come into fruition, that it may be under government influence.
Professor Dave Phoenix, chair of the university think-tank million+ and vice-chancellor of London South Bank University, said: “Any new Office for Students must be independent of government. It is also important that an independent quality assurance system is retained since this has done much to secure the reputation of UK universities overseas.”
3) Government control over student unions?
I'm worried for SUs in #HEgreenpaper. The government is attacking/weakening trade unions. I imagine the same will be done to SUs.— Charlie Hindhaugh (@Lapsang_) November 6, 2015
The green paper highlights how the Government is ‘currently taking steps through our trade union reforms to improve union practices and increase transparency around how funds are spent’. This, says the NCAFC, is a ‘vague threat’ of ‘increased government control of student unions’, linked to the undemocratic anti-trade union bill currently being put through Parliament. The group added: “Our right to defend ourselves collectively through our unions is likely under threat.”
4) Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF)
So Green Paper is out and the TEF ideas are quite startlingly bad https://t.co/RZSDBtG5co— Andrew McGettigan (@amcgettigan) November 6, 2015
The TEF will measure universities’ performance on market-oriented metrics, including graduate employment, and the NCAFC has said: “This will define good teaching as little more than increasing the value of our work to employers and big business.
“Teaching will no longer be about serving students, it will be about serving our future employers.”
5) Free market?
The NCAFC has also expressed concern over the fact that new private providers ‘will be given help in the market to cut into existing public universities’, and said: “They’ll get quicker access to funding and no caps on student numbers.
“There will be lighter checks and balances on who can award degrees and call themselves a university.”