Environment

New studies show what experts say is the direct consequence of global warming on Magellanic penguins in South America

Icing on the cake: Antarctica is the trip of a lifetime

Cruise Report: Follow Shackleton to the great White Continent

Antarctica’s monumental icebergs, history of heroic exploration and fearless wildlife give it an allure that is enhanced by its remoteness. The only realistic way for tourists to visit the vast White Continent is by ship. For most, it’s a once-in-a-lifetime trip, so it is important to choose carefully.

Seals will be recruited to take part in an attempt to study the Pine Island Glacier

Gadget-bearing seals to be used in study of melting Pine Island Glacier

The glacier is losing ice at faster rate than it is being replenished

Satellite image composite (Vanderford Glacier, Wilkes Land) with the panels showing satellite imagery of Vanderford Glacier, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica

It holds enough water to raise sea levels 50 metres, but East Antarctica ice sheet is even more unstable than we thought

The massive ice sheet of East Antarctica, which is up to 4 kilometres thick and holds enough frozen water to raise sea levels by more than 50 metres, is more unstable than previous studies have suggested, scientists said.

Bear Grylls tweeted this picture:

Bear Grylls grilled by council over cliffside slide

A slide pinned to a cliff face that shoots users into the sea – as long as the tide is in – has landed adventurer Bear Grylls in hot water.

Stella Creasy: the MP says the ability to report abuse is not an adequate response from Twitter

Staying silent won't stop Twitter trolls or online abusers. We must continue to speak out

It is important we do not place the blame for the abuse being dished out on Twitter’s shoulders as well. It’s just a company, not a person

Meltdown: the Grace satellite has detected a rapid acceleration in the melting of glacier ice in Greenland and Antarctica

Massive ice sheets melting 'at rate of 300bn tonnes a year', climate satellite shows

The Grace satellite measures tiny fluctuations of the Earth’s gravity field resulting from the loss of ice into the sea

Murray the adventurer takes the chair at Gulf keystone

The former French legionnaire and 73-year-old adventurer Simon Murray is the new chairman of oil company Gulf Keystone.

South Georgia enters the rat race to exterminate its very unwelcome invaders

Helicopters drop 200 tons of poison pellets in world’s biggest extermination project

The Halley VI is up for a global architecture award

Antarctic polar station up for global architecture award

A dismantlable research station created in the icy wastes for the British Antarctic Survey has been shortlisted for a global architecture award.

Is there a cooler architect in Britain than Hugh Broughton?

Hugh Broughton's moving castle

Is there a cooler architect in Britain than Hugh Broughton? Cooler, as in designing Antarctic bases capable of withstanding temperatures of minus 55C and winds that surge to 100mph, and keeping researchers comfortable for the nine months of the year that they are marooned at their research bases without any prospect of flying or shipping out.

Page 3 Profile: James Cracknell, oarsman and broadcaster

Done much special?

Ben Fogle: The adventurer talks frostbite, flesh-eating bugs - and an Atlantic challenge

Being on an expedition is about deprivation Whether its trekking through the jungles in Peru or hiking up Kilimanjaro, you really value the resources you have: one pair of pants, limited rations of food, limited battery power. My trips also remind me what I have left behind. Once I'm back home, I'll really value what I have, until I start to become complacent – then I'll go off around the world again.

The Thames barrier raised in 2007 in response to a flood threat

Floods could overwhelm London as sea levels rise - unless Thames Barrier is upgraded

Study concludes there is 1 in 20 chance that existing defences would be unable to cope with extreme storm surge

One Minute With: Marcel Theroux, novelist

Where are you now and what can you see?

Adelie Penguins navigating their way through hundreds of huge icebergs. Scientists claim they've taken a step closer to developing hydrogen as a cheap and clean energy

Science moves step closer to developing hydrogen as cheap and clean energy form

Scientists have harnessed the principles of photosynthesis to develop a new way of producing hydrogen – in a breakthrough that offers a possible solution to global energy problems.

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Independent Travel
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona from £629pp
Dubrovnik
Vietnam
Bruges
South Africa
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Prices correct as of 12 December 2014
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'You look for someone who's an inspiration and try to be like them'

Homeless Veterans appeal

In 2010, Sgt Gary Jamieson stepped on an IED in Afghanistan and lost his legs and an arm. He reveals what, and who, helped him to make a remarkable recovery
Could cannabis oil reverse the effects of cancer?

Could cannabis oil reverse effects of cancer?

As a film following six patients receiving the controversial treatment is released, Kate Hilpern uncovers a very slippery issue
The Interview movie review: You can't see Seth Rogen and James Franco's Kim Jong Un assassination film, but you can read about it here

The Interview movie review

You can't see Seth Rogen and James Franco's Kim Jong Un assassination film, but you can read about it here
Serial mania has propelled podcasts into the cultural mainstream

How podcasts became mainstream

People have consumed gripping armchair investigation Serial with a relish typically reserved for box-set binges
Jesus Christ has become an unlikely pin-up for hipster marketing companies

Jesus Christ has become an unlikely pin-up

Kevin Lee Light, aka "Jesus", is the newest client of creative agency Mother while rival agency Anomaly has launched Sexy Jesus, depicting the Messiah in a series of Athena-style poses
Rosetta space mission voted most important scientific breakthrough of 2014

A memorable year for science – if not for mice

The most important scientific breakthroughs of 2014
Christmas cocktails to make you merry: From eggnog to Brown Betty and Rum Bumpo

Christmas cocktails to make you merry

Mulled wine is an essential seasonal treat. But now drinkers are rediscovering other traditional festive tipples. Angela Clutton raises a glass to Christmas cocktails
5 best activity trackers

Fitness technology: 5 best activity trackers

Up the ante in your regimen and change the habits of a lifetime with this wearable tech
Paul Scholes column: It's a little-known fact, but I have played one of the seven dwarves

Paul Scholes column

It's a little-known fact, but I have played one of the seven dwarves
Fifa's travelling circus once again steals limelight from real stars

Fifa's travelling circus once again steals limelight from real stars

Club World Cup kicked into the long grass by the continued farce surrounding Blatter, Garcia, Russia and Qatar
Frank Warren column: 2014 – boxing is back and winning new fans

Frank Warren: Boxing is back and winning new fans

2014 proves it's now one of sport's biggest hitters again
Jeb Bush vs Hillary Clinton: The power dynamics of the two first families

Jeb Bush vs Hillary Clinton

Karen Tumulty explores the power dynamics of the two first families
Stockholm is rivalling Silicon Valley with a hotbed of technology start-ups

Stockholm is rivalling Silicon Valley

The Swedish capital is home to two of the most popular video games in the world, as well as thousands of technology start-ups worth hundreds of millions of pounds – and it's all happened since 2009
Did Japanese workers really get their symbols mixed up and display Santa on a crucifix?

Crucified Santa: Urban myth refuses to die

The story goes that Japanese store workers created a life-size effigy of a smiling "Father Kurisumasu" attached to a facsimile of Our Lord's final instrument of torture
Jennifer Saunders and Kate Moss join David Walliams on set for TV adaptation of The Boy in the Dress

The Boy in the Dress: On set with the stars

Walliams' story about a boy who goes to school in a dress will be shown this Christmas