Environment

New studies show what experts say is the direct consequence of global warming on Magellanic penguins in South America

Icing on the cake: Antarctica is the trip of a lifetime

Cruise Report: Follow Shackleton to the great White Continent

Antarctica’s monumental icebergs, history of heroic exploration and fearless wildlife give it an allure that is enhanced by its remoteness. The only realistic way for tourists to visit the vast White Continent is by ship. For most, it’s a once-in-a-lifetime trip, so it is important to choose carefully.

Seals will be recruited to take part in an attempt to study the Pine Island Glacier

Gadget-bearing seals to be used in study of melting Pine Island Glacier

The glacier is losing ice at faster rate than it is being replenished

Satellite image composite (Vanderford Glacier, Wilkes Land) with the panels showing satellite imagery of Vanderford Glacier, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica

It holds enough water to raise sea levels 50 metres, but East Antarctica ice sheet is even more unstable than we thought

The massive ice sheet of East Antarctica, which is up to 4 kilometres thick and holds enough frozen water to raise sea levels by more than 50 metres, is more unstable than previous studies have suggested, scientists said.

Bear Grylls tweeted this picture:

Bear Grylls grilled by council over cliffside slide

A slide pinned to a cliff face that shoots users into the sea – as long as the tide is in – has landed adventurer Bear Grylls in hot water.

Stella Creasy: the MP says the ability to report abuse is not an adequate response from Twitter

Staying silent won't stop Twitter trolls or online abusers. We must continue to speak out

It is important we do not place the blame for the abuse being dished out on Twitter’s shoulders as well. It’s just a company, not a person

Meltdown: the Grace satellite has detected a rapid acceleration in the melting of glacier ice in Greenland and Antarctica

Massive ice sheets melting 'at rate of 300bn tonnes a year', climate satellite shows

The Grace satellite measures tiny fluctuations of the Earth’s gravity field resulting from the loss of ice into the sea

Murray the adventurer takes the chair at Gulf keystone

The former French legionnaire and 73-year-old adventurer Simon Murray is the new chairman of oil company Gulf Keystone.

South Georgia enters the rat race to exterminate its very unwelcome invaders

Helicopters drop 200 tons of poison pellets in world’s biggest extermination project

The Halley VI is up for a global architecture award

Antarctic polar station up for global architecture award

A dismantlable research station created in the icy wastes for the British Antarctic Survey has been shortlisted for a global architecture award.

Is there a cooler architect in Britain than Hugh Broughton?

Hugh Broughton's moving castle

Is there a cooler architect in Britain than Hugh Broughton? Cooler, as in designing Antarctic bases capable of withstanding temperatures of minus 55C and winds that surge to 100mph, and keeping researchers comfortable for the nine months of the year that they are marooned at their research bases without any prospect of flying or shipping out.

Page 3 Profile: James Cracknell, oarsman and broadcaster

Done much special?

Ben Fogle: The adventurer talks frostbite, flesh-eating bugs - and an Atlantic challenge

Being on an expedition is about deprivation Whether its trekking through the jungles in Peru or hiking up Kilimanjaro, you really value the resources you have: one pair of pants, limited rations of food, limited battery power. My trips also remind me what I have left behind. Once I'm back home, I'll really value what I have, until I start to become complacent – then I'll go off around the world again.

The Thames barrier raised in 2007 in response to a flood threat

Floods could overwhelm London as sea levels rise - unless Thames Barrier is upgraded

Study concludes there is 1 in 20 chance that existing defences would be unable to cope with extreme storm surge

One Minute With: Marcel Theroux, novelist

Where are you now and what can you see?

Adelie Penguins navigating their way through hundreds of huge icebergs. Scientists claim they've taken a step closer to developing hydrogen as a cheap and clean energy

Science moves step closer to developing hydrogen as cheap and clean energy form

Scientists have harnessed the principles of photosynthesis to develop a new way of producing hydrogen – in a breakthrough that offers a possible solution to global energy problems.

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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
Prices correct as of 23 January 2015
Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

Autumn/winter menswear 2015

The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

Army general planning to come out
Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project