News Temperatures have plunged to -13C in the town of Hell, Michigan

The extreme weather in the US has got so cold that even Hell has frozen over.

Mark Leftly: Shell finds itself in deep water again in the US

Outlook So, the US interior department has launched an urgent review of Arctic offshore drilling operations after the grounding of Shell's Kulluk oil rig off the coast of Alaska last week. Presumably the first thing they will acknowledge is that this was effectively a shipping rather than a drilling accident, though political momentum is against the oil giant.

Shell is pressured to stop Arctic oil search

Pressure is mounting on Shell to abandon its quest for oil in the Arctic Circle after the US government ordered two reviews into the Anglo-Dutch company's activities off the Alaskan coast, which could halt its planned drilling campaign.

The drilling unit Kulluk ran aground near Alaska

Shell oil drilling platform stranded in sensitive Arctic region

The multinational oil giant Shell is facing fresh criticism of its Arctic offshore oil drilling programme, after one of its platforms was left stranded in an environmentally sensitive area of the Alaskan coast.

Sen. Lisa Murkowski: Hailed heroism of lifeguard

Shell rig runs into Alaskan shore

A drilling rig that Shell planned to use off Alaska's Arctic coast ran aground in a storm Monday night, after the crew had been rescued earlier by the Coast Guard. As of late Tuesday, no fuel had spilled.

Veterans 'died waiting' for Arctic Star medal

Scores of Arctic Convoy veterans have missed out on getting a new medal because they “died waiting” for Prime Minister David Cameron to act, the leading campaigner for recognition said.

Get me out of here: Atlantic Islands, Arctic Sweden, Andalucia

Now... On 27 December, P&O has an 11-night Atlantic Islands cruise abroad the Azura for £999pp.The round-trip from Southampton calls at Vigo, Spain and Madeira for New Year's Eve before sailing to Tenerife and Gran Canaria. Inside cabin and meals included. Pocruises.com

North-North lake, Greenland. The film, Chasing Ice, is made up of still photographs taken every hour which show glaciers shrinking over the years

In pursuit of the vanishing ice sheets

The last time Hollywood got this excited about climate change, Al Gore was picking up an Oscar for An Inconvenient Truth. Six years later, an unlikely new eco-warrior is winning plaudits: a 60-year-old nature photographer.

Digging deep: Lulea, Sweden, faces a £150m bill to keep its port in business

Sweden: The land of the rising coastline

The climate change threat to low-lying islands and cities is well known, but Scandinavia faces the opposite problem

With Sandy Island finally off the map, who's to say any of us are really here

Tales From The Water Cooler
Tour de force: Frances de la Tour as Dorothy Stacpoole in 'People'

First Night: People; Lyttelton Theatre, London

Bennett takes a swipe at cosy English complacencies and the National Trust

Get me out of here: Arctic Sweden, Morocco and Florence

Now... Departing on 17 November, British Airways Holidays is offering two weeks in the Moroccan beach resort of Agadir for £549pp.

Owen Jones: Let's rise to climate change challenge

It isn't half nippy out, and with Britain about to be plunged into an increasingly familiar cold snap, it might seem a bit of an odd time to bring up climate change. Weather and climate are two different things, though I'm not alone in hearing grumbling about Britain missing out on the perks of global warming. But the truth is that the state of our planet is way down the list of our priorities. Despite the dedicated efforts of climate-change-denying flat-earthers, 57 per cent of us accept climate change is happening and is mostly down to the actions of humans, according to a poll by ICM a few months ago. But surveys show that our interest in the subject has long been waning.

Saharan dust clouds likely to bring ghoulish weather phenomenon to the UK

Will it rain blood on Halloween? Saharan dust clouds likely to bring ghoulish weather phenomenon to the UK

Warm fronts expected to carry large amounts of red Saharan sand which, as the warm spell turns to rain and possibly even snow at the end of the week, will fall in liquid droplets that look like blood.

Energy centre: Cliffs and cairns of the Snaefellsnes peninsula

Where to go in 2013: Iceland

Why go in 2013? A last chance to beat the crowds

Arctic veteran: Alfred 'Alan' Bond died in May, after 15 years of campaigning

How long do Arctic Convoy heroes have to wait for a fitting honour?

About 200 survivors still await recognition for their contribution to victory in the Second World War - as time runs out

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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
Prices correct as of 23 January 2015
Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

Autumn/winter menswear 2015

The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

Army general planning to come out
Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project