News This 1348 painting shows how plague devastated European cities like Florence

Black rats are also implicated in both outbreaks, which took place 800 years apart

World Health Organisation warns there could soon be 'no effective treatment' for gonorrhoea

There could soon be “no effective treatment” against the sexually transmitted infection, gonorrhoea, which infects more than 100 million people globally every year, the World Health Organisation warned today.

Jeremy Laurance: The best defence against Legionnaires is vigilance

The citizens of Edinburgh are understandably worried. A lethal infection has swept through an area in the south west of the city claiming one life and infecting 20 others, 12 of whom are critically ill. More cases are expected before the outbreak peaks. It is a scenario out of the Hollywood blockbuster Contagion.

Legionnaires' is not contagious and doctors have said it is safe to go out

Cooling towers blamed as worst outbreak of Legionnaires in Scottish history leaves one dead and 12 critically ill

The worst outbreak of Legionnaires disease in Scotland’s history has been blamed on a network of  industrial cooling towers in the south west of Edinburgh that have left one man dead and 12 critically ill in hospital.

Caesarean births are linked to childhood obesity, says new report

Babies born by Caesarean section are twice as likely to be obese in childhood, researchers claim.

Operations for appendicitis could be cut out for good

One of the most common operations performed in Britain – on which generations of trainee surgeons have honed their skills – is outmoded, research suggests. Surgery for appendicitis should be abandoned and replaced with a course of antibiotics, experts say.

'Yellow Dragon Disease' threatens fruit crop

A citrus disease that has killed millions of trees and cost growers billions of dollars across Florida and Brazil has been detected in California, despite the industry's best efforts to keep it at bay.

Campaigners warn over beach litter

The number of balloons littering the UK's beaches rose last year, with campaigners warning jubilee and Olympic celebrations could make the problem worse.

Banknote 'dirtier than toilet seat'

Banknotes can carry more germs than the average toilet seat, with some harbouring E.coli, an expert said today.

LOSER: Chris Hoy
Call yourself a referee Chris Hoy? Well actually, he never did, but that didn't stop angry Tottenham fans from venting their frustration at the Olympic gold medallist who was mistaken for referee Chris Foy on Twitter.

Team GB told not to shake hands at the Olympics

British athletes are being told not to shake hands in case they catch a bug which wrecks their Olympic dreams.

Open windows could help beat superbugs, says expert

Florence Nightingale may have had a point when she insisted 150 years ago that open windows were the hallmark of a healthy hospital ward, according to a microbiologist who believes air conditioning and an ultra-sterile environment may actually contribute to infections.

Killer infection came from taps

An infection that killed three babies at a hospital has been traced to taps in its neo-natal unit.

Intensive care unit cleared after bug kills three babies

Expectant mothers transferred after deaths are linked to bacterium in Belfast hospital

Babies moved out after third death at Belfast's Royal Hospital

A neonatal room at a hospital in Northern Ireland is being emptied after three babies died from an infection, medical staff said.

Legionnaire's found at Hong Kong's government headquarters

Bacteria which cause Legionnaire's disease have been found throughout Hong Kong's brand new, £432 million government headquarters.

Leading article: Science comes a step closer to Spider-Man

Bulletproof skin, super-fine netting strong enough to bring down a fighter jet, artificial tendons that are even tougher and more flexible than the real thing. The potential uses of spider silk might be nothing out of the ordinary to Peter Parker, but scientists in the real world have struggled in vain for decades trying to work out ways to produce enough of the stuff to be useful. Not for much longer, perhaps.

Arts and Entertainment
Sydney and Melbourne are locked in a row over giant milk crates
art
News
Kenny Ireland, pictured in 2010.
peopleActor, from House of Cards and Benidorm, was 68
News
A scene from the video shows students mock rioting
newsEnd-of-year leaver's YouTube film features staging of a playground gun massacre
Travel
travel
Voices
A family sit and enjoy a quiet train journey
voicesForcing us to overhear dull phone conversations is an offensive act, says Simon Kelner
News
i100This Instagram photo does not prove Russian army is in Ukraine
News
Morrissey pictured in 2013
people
Sport
sportVan Gaal has £500,000 video surveillance system installed to monitor Manchester United players
Environment
View from the Llanberis Track to the mountain lake Llyn
Du’r Arddu
environmentA large chunk of Mount Snowdon, in north Wales, is up for sale
Life and Style
Martha Stewart wrote an opinion column for Time magazine this week titled “Why I Love My Drone”
lifeLifestyle guru Martha Stewart reveals she has flying robot... to take photos of her farm
Career Services

Day In a Page

Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence – MS Swiss Corona - seven nights from £999pp
Lake Maggiore, Orta and the Matterhorn – seven nights from £899pp
Sicily – seven nights from £939pp
Pompeii, Capri and the Bay of Naples - seven nights from £799pp
Istanbul Ephesus & Troy – six nights from £859pp
Mary Rose – two nights from £319pp
Dress the Gaza situation up all you like, but the truth hurts

Robert Fisk on Gaza conflict

Dress the situation up all you like, but the truth hurts
Save the tiger: Tiger, tiger burning less brightly as numbers plummet

Tiger, tiger burning less brightly

When William Blake wrote his famous poem there were probably more than 100,000 tigers in the wild. These days they probably number around 3,200
5 News's Andy Bell retraces his grandfather's steps on the First World War battlefields

In grandfather's footsteps

5 News's political editor Andy Bell only knows his grandfather from the compelling diary he kept during WWI. But when he returned to the killing fields where Edwin Vaughan suffered so much, his ancestor came to life
Lifestyle guru Martha Stewart reveals she has flying robot ... to take photos of her farm

Martha Stewart has flying robot

The lifestyle guru used the drone to get a bird's eye view her 153-acre farm in Bedford, New York
Former Labour minister Meg Hillier has demanded 'pootling lanes' for women cyclists

Do women cyclists need 'pootling lanes'?

Simon Usborne (who's more of a hurtler) explains why winning the space race is key to happy riding
A tale of two presidents: George W Bush downs his paintbrush to pen father’s life story

A tale of two presidents

George W Bush downs his paintbrush to pen father’s life story
Restaurateur Mitch Tonks has given the Great Western Pullman dining car a makeover

The dining car makes a comeback

Restaurateur Mitch Tonks has given the Great Western Pullman dining car a makeover
Gallery rage: How are institutions tackling the discomfort of overcrowding this summer?

Gallery rage

How are institutions tackling the discomfort of overcrowding this summer?
Louis van Gaal has £500,000 video surveillance system installed to monitor Manchester United players

Eye on the prize

Louis van Gaal has £500,000 video surveillance system installed to monitor Manchester United players
Women's rugby: Tamara Taylor adds fuel to the ire in quest to land World Cup

Women's rugby

Tamara Taylor adds fuel to the ire in quest to land World Cup
Save the tiger: The day America’s love of backyard tigers led to a horrific bloodbath

The day America’s love of backyard tigers led to a horrific bloodbath

With only six per cent of the US population of these amazing big cats held in zoos, the Zanesville incident in 2011 was inevitable
Samuel Beckett's biographer reveals secrets of the writer's time as a French Resistance spy

How Samuel Beckett became a French Resistance spy

As this year's Samuel Beckett festival opens in Enniskillen, James Knowlson, recalls how the Irish writer risked his life for liberty and narrowly escaped capture by the Gestapo
We will remember them: relatives still honour those who fought in the Great War

We will remember them

Relatives still honour those who fought in the Great War
Star Wars Episode VII is being shot on film - and now Kodak is launching a last-ditch bid to keep celluloid alive

Kodak's last-ditch bid to keep celluloid alive

Director J J Abrams and a few digital refuseniks shoot movies on film. Simon Usborne wonders what the fuss is about
Once stilted and melodramatic, Hollywood is giving acting in video games a makeover

Acting in video games gets a makeover

David Crookes meets two of the genre's most popular voices