Life and Style A double espresso after revision might be the best way of preparing for an exam, new research suggests

Scientists find first clear evidence of caffeine’s memory-boosting effect, and shown that it lasts for at least 24 hours

Joe Flacco

MVP winner Joe Flacco revels in 'unbelievable' Super Bowl XLVII victory for Baltimore Ravens

Baltimore Ravens beat the San Francisco 49ers

Baltimore’s one-club hero Ray Lewis wants to retire with a ring

American football: Controversial Ray Lewis seeks to bow out as Super Bowl XLVII champion

Quit at the top, they say. But in sport, it's the hardest thing. Bobby Jones did it. So did Rocky Marciano, while in 1973 Jackie Stewart retired from Formula One, having won his third drivers' championship, and in 2002 Pete Sampras bowed out as US Open champion. But who else? Now Ray Lewis has a chance to do likewise.

Running back Frank Gore #21 of the San Francisco 49ers celebrates with head coach Jim Harbaugh

American Football: Sibling showdown as 49ers and Ravens head for the 'Harbaugh Bowl'

Brothers Jim and John will make history when they lead out respective teams at the Super Bowl

Darcia Anthony, left, and Danielle Williams chat before their wedding at City Hall in Baltimore

A gay marriage made in Maryland

Darcia Anthony and Danielle Williams were married at City Hall in Baltimore today as Maryland became the first southern state to legalise same-sex marriage.

Dysfunction drama is right on the ball

David O Russell's psycho -comedy is a fractious, uneven affair, full of jabbering voices and clashing temperaments, and for a while I couldn't get on with it at all. Dysfunctional behaviour, however comical in tone, requires careful handling: a little of it goes a long way, and a lot of it turns an audience right off. Silver Linings Playbook takes some risks in this area, but have patience and the rewards become clear: there is a crackle to it and an off-the-wall charm you don't much encounter in the movie mainstream.

Beach House, Roundhouse, London

Dream pop duo Beach House are covered in smoke and coloured light, reduced to mere silhouettes on the stage. Victoria Legrand’s big, shaggy hair is the only discernable feature as she bobs and whispers. She is sometimes heard, sometimes obscured by Alex Scally’s rippling, dreamy guitar chords.

Hurricane Sandy churns towards
the eastern US

'Frankenstorm' could wreak $1bn in damage on US east coast

Federal and local authorities, along with utilities across the north-eastern United States, are gearing up for a visit from a Halloween weather monster dubbed the ‘Frankenstorm’ that could inflict $1bn worth of damage as it brings gale-force winds, heavy rain, costal flooding and possibly snow next week.

Album: Dan Deacon, America (Domino)

Dan Deacon isn't the only indie artist to attempt to sum up the condition of America in recent years but his personal take is as valid as any.

Michael Phelps collected the 17th Olympic gold

Phelps flies to 17th gold and makes a mockery of all the early doubts

His work here is nearly done. Michael Phelps won his 17th gold medal, and last individual, last night with a swim that characterised every detail that has made him an Olympian like no other.

August 2, 2012: Michael Phelps beats his old rival Milorad Cavic at the London Olympics to book his place in the semi-finals of the men's 100 metres butterfly

Michael Phelps books place in 100 metres butterfly semi-finals

Michael Phelps again outshone Milorad Cavic as the pair renewed their rivalry in the 100 metres butterfly.

Ryan Lochte has something to smile about after winning the 400m individual swimming medley

Ryan Lochte brushes past Michael Phelps in swimming showdown

Ryan Lochte deposed Michael Phelps as the Olympic 400 metres individual medley champion as he secured a dominant victory at the Aquatics Centre.

One Minute With: Laura Lippman, detective fiction writer

Where are you now and what can you see?

Temperatures across US cool after heatwave kills dozens

The heat that blanketed much of the US and left at least 46 people dead will begin easing up this week as temperatures approach normal from the Midwest to the East Coast.

At least 18 dead as US storms leave millions without power

Millions of people in a swath of states along the US East Coast and farther west went into a third sweltering day without power today after a round of summer storms that killed more than a dozen people.

How to do it right when it all goes wrong

Testing, testing... Hello?? The speakers are silent. Elisa Bray on the gigs that didn't quite go to plan, brilliantly
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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Seven Cities of Italy
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Prague, Budapest and Vienna
Lake Garda
Minoan Crete and Santorini
Prices correct as of 15 May 2015
The Silk Roads that trace civilisation: Long before the West rose to power, Asian pathways were connecting peoples and places

The Silk Roads that trace civilisation

Long before the West rose to power, Asian pathways were connecting peoples and places
House of Lords: Outcry as donors, fixers and MPs caught up in expenses scandal are ennobled

The honours that shame Britain

Outcry as donors, fixers and MPs caught up in expenses scandal are ennobled
When it comes to street harassment, we need to talk about race

'When it comes to street harassment, we need to talk about race'

Why are black men living the stereotypes and why are we letting them get away with it?
International Tap Festival: Forget Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers - this dancing is improvised, spontaneous and rhythmic

International Tap Festival comes to the UK

Forget Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers - this dancing is improvised, spontaneous and rhythmic
War with Isis: Is Turkey's buffer zone in Syria a matter of self-defence – or just anti-Kurd?

Turkey's buffer zone in Syria: self-defence – or just anti-Kurd?

Ankara accused of exacerbating racial division by allowing Turkmen minority to cross the border
Doris Lessing: Acclaimed novelist was kept under MI5 observation for 18 years, newly released papers show

'A subversive brothel keeper and Communist'

Acclaimed novelist Doris Lessing was kept under MI5 observation for 18 years, newly released papers show
Big Blue Live: BBC's Springwatch offshoot swaps back gardens for California's Monterey Bay

BBC heads to the Californian coast

The Big Blue Live crew is preparing for the first of three episodes on Sunday night, filming from boats, planes and an aquarium studio
Austin Bidwell: The Victorian fraudster who shook the Bank of England with the most daring forgery the world had known

Victorian fraudster who shook the Bank of England

Conman Austin Bidwell. was a heartless cad who carried out the most daring forgery the world had known
Car hacking scandal: Security designed to stop thieves hot-wiring almost every modern motor has been cracked

Car hacking scandal

Security designed to stop thieves hot-wiring almost every modern motor has been cracked
10 best placemats

Take your seat: 10 best placemats

Protect your table and dine in style with a bold new accessory
Ashes 2015: Alastair Cook not the only one to be caught in The Oval mindwarp

Cook not the only one to be caught in The Oval mindwarp

Aussie skipper Michael Clarke was lured into believing that what we witnessed at Edgbaston and Trent Bridge would continue in London, says Kevin Garside
Can Rafael Benitez get the best out of Gareth Bale at Real Madrid?

Can Benitez get the best out of Bale?

Back at the club he watched as a boy, the pressure is on Benitez to find a winning blend from Real's multiple talents. As La Liga begins, Pete Jenson asks if it will be enough to stop Barcelona
Athletics World Championships 2015: Beijing witnesses new stage in the Jessica Ennis-Hill and Katarina Johnson-Thompson heptathlon rivalry

Beijing witnesses new stage in the Jess and Kat rivalry

The last time the two British heptathletes competed, Ennis-Hill was on the way to Olympic gold and Johnson-Thompson was just a promising teenager. But a lot has happened in the following three years
Jeremy Corbyn: Joining a shrewd operator desperate for power as he visits the North East

Jeremy Corbyn interview: A shrewd operator desperate for power

His radical anti-austerity agenda has caught the imagination of the left and politically disaffected and set a staid Labour leadership election alight
Isis executes Palmyra antiquities chief: Defender of ancient city's past was killed for protecting its future

Isis executes Palmyra antiquities chief

Robert Fisk on the defender of the ancient city's past who was killed for protecting its future