Life and Style A double espresso after revision might be the best way of preparing for an exam, new research suggests

Scientists find first clear evidence of caffeine’s memory-boosting effect, and shown that it lasts for at least 24 hours

Man arrested after boarding US train with assault rifle

A man who mentioned the White House and other landmarks before boarding a Washington-bound commuter train with an assault rifle was captured yesterday after breaking an ankle while running from two officers, police said.

Victor McKusick: Cardiologist who pioneered the clinical study of genetic diseases

Victor McKusick founded the clinical study of genetic diseases and was a leading instigator of the Human Genome Project, serving as the founding president of the Human Genome Organisation from 1988 to 1991. In his six-decade career he published a compendium of all known human genes which is now available free online, with over 20,000 entries. He laid down the basis of relating symptoms to genetic mutations, the scientific infrastructure of genetic research, and established the journal Genomics. He mapped the genes for Duchenne muscular dystrophy and several forms of dwarfism.

First Impressions: The Wire, HBO (2002)

Baltimore returns to prime time and it does so on the most prestigious stage in American television: Sunday nights on HBO, the home of The Sopranos and Six Feet Under. The news is that The Wire, a 13-week series about life on both sides of a major drug investigation in the Baltimore housing projects, deserves to breathe that rarefied air.

The good news about coffee

Once, we were advised to cut out caffeine. But the latest research shows a daily cup could be a lifesaver. By Jane Feinmann

Phelps wins record eighth Olympic gold

It was billed as a team relay race, but it was only about one man, Michael Phelps. From the moment he walked into the Water Cube swimming pool at the head of the U.S. team, all eyes were fixed on him and his quest to win a record eighth gold medal at a single Olympics.

'Baltimore Bullet' has history in his sights

It is only a matter of time now, a few days probably, before Michael Phelps uses his magic hands to claw level with the four most golden Olympians of all time and then, before these Games are done, kick off into distance as the undisputed greatest.

'Snooks' found safe as Rockefeller arrested in rented Baltimore flat

After a week-long manhunt that ranged from Bermuda to Peru, police find father and daughter after tip-off

Randy Pausch: Professor famous for his 'last lecture'

Randy Pausch was never a particularly religious man, and when they diagnosed his final cancer, he joked that his only "death-bed conversion" would be to exchange his PC for a new Apple Mac. Yet the computer science professor realised an extraordinary ability to convert others, becoming what he called a "media-based inspirer" who helped millions appreciate the briefness and sanctity of life.

Close to 'The Wire' on the mean streets of Baltimore

As the gritty US drama begins its final series on UK television, self-confessed fan Andy Lynes explores the famous locations with notorious drug dealer Proposition Joe (aka Robert F Chew)

Sea of Poppies, By Amitav Ghosh

Amitav Ghosh's eighth doorstop of a novel is set in his native Calcutta where, in 1838, the British East India Company's lucrative opium trade is feeling the pinch from Canton's embargo on poppy imports. Self-made merchant Ben Burnham has purchased the Ibis, an old slaver, to ply the Chinese territories with narcotics from Calcutta, and he frequently moralises on his divine right to force opium on the Chinese. "Merchants like myself are but the servants of free trade, which is as immutable as God's commandments," he declares, with the bombastic false modesty usually reserved for glazing heinous exploitations with a sheen of religious nobility.

Food Of The Week: The world wakes up to eco eating

Organic, biodynamic and sustainable ingredients are increasingly on restaurant menus around the world.

Yeasayer, ICA, London<field name="starRating">fourstar</field>

Yeasayer are a Brooklyn-based band wowing critics and crowds on both sides of the pond. Their main rivals are Columbia graduates Vampire Weekend. The two bands share a postcode and a fondness for African pop music, but there the similarities end. Vampire Weekend are self-consciously preppy and East Coast-intellectual, their lyrics referencing obscure grammatical disputes and high-class holiday destinations. Yeasayer are too dressed-down to be self-consciously anything.

Album: Beach House, Devotion (Bella Union)

So now that you can find and listen to most new bands online within seconds of hearing their name, what purpose this strange impulse to describe music?

American Football: 'Greatest Super Bowl play' by Manning ends Patriots' dream

On one level, it could be argued that the New England Patriots, poised on the threshold of sporting immortality, folded when it really mattered, but that would be to give scant credit to the New York Giants, whose 17-14 triumph here on Sunday night is probably the biggest Super Bowl upset since those other New Yorkers, Joe Namath's Jets, surprised the Baltimore Colts 39 years ago.

Album: Various Artists

The Wire (Nonesuch)
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Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

Autumn/winter menswear 2015

The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

Army general planning to come out
Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project