Europe's Revolution: The pastor who brought down the Berlin Wall

As Leipzig froze in fear at Communist threats to crush the 1989 revolution, one man gave his compatriots the courage to fight on

Last leader of East Germany mourns loss of the Wall

Today Germany celebrates 19 years of reunification, but for Egon Krenz the fall of the Iron Curtain was the end of a dream

At last, Belfast dares to imagine life after the 30ft 'peace wall'

After 40 troubled years, city plans to demolish barriers of division

Mary Dejevsky: Not every revolution is victorious

Efforts to challenge an established order fail at least as often as they succeed

Trabant parade remembers the first crack in Berlin Wall

A procession of restored Trabant cars streamed through a replica of a metal gate this weekend, commemorating the place and time, 20 years ago, when Hungary and Austria opened the first breach in the Iron Curtain and, in former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl's words, "took the first brick out of the Berlin Wall".

It's 20 years since reunification but is Germany still divided?

The fall of the Berlin Wall was a seismic event in European history. But as Germany prepares to mark the 20th anniversary of its reunification, many are asking: Is there really much to celebrate?

Checkpoint Charlies: Irreverent tributes to Berlin's brutal past spark outrage

They were icons of the Cold War: the Brandenburg Gate symbolised the division of Berlin and Checkpoint Charlie was the East-West crossing of spy novel fame, where heavily armed Allied soldiers and Communist border guards confronted each other.

The stolen kiss: The Berlin Wall mural is erased

Artist shocked as Berlin Wall mural is erased thanks to 20th-anniversary renovation work

Strikers are up against basic principle of EU law

British strikers protesting against the use of foreign workers are up against one of the basic principles enshrined in European Union law.

A view of the past: Nine travel anniversaries for 2009

100 years ago: on 25 July 1909, Louis Blériot flies from Sangatte, near Calais, to Dover. The 22-mile trip takes 37 minutes, and he wins a £1,000 prize from a London newspaper for doing the first Channel crossing by air.

The facts of life: attraction

"Beer goggles" exist: people do appear more attractive after a few drinks, according to researchers from the University of Bristol. Students who had consumed alcohol rated pictures of people their own age as being more attractive than did the controls in the experiment, who drunk only lime cordial.

Ask Martha: How do I get my colleague to change her slovenly ways?

Got a social dilemma? Martha Arthur has the answer...

Obama urges global fight against terror

Barack Obama stood before more than 200,000 people in Berlin and summoned Europeans and Americans to work together to bring the war in Iraq to an end, defeat terrorism and "dry up the well of extremism that supports it."

Berlin turns to technology to bring back the wall

Berlin's leaders were so happy to be rid of the most striking symbol of Cold War division that they tore the city's wall down after the collapse of East Germany and sold much of it off around the world. In retrospect, if only for the money it would have generated in tourism, they wish they had not been so hasty.

Berlin, Germany

The German capital has a history, energy and cultural life like no other European city. Harriet O'Brien joins the film festival jet set
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Not even the 'putrid throat' could stop the Ross Poldark swoon-fest'

How a costume drama became a Sunday night staple
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Miliband promises no stamp duty for first-time buyers

Labour leader pushes Tories on housing
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But what went wrong with the SuperJumbo?
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Fortress Europe?

Fear of Putin, Islamists and immigration is giving rise to a new generation of 'iron curtains'
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Never mind what you're wearing

It's what you're reclining on that matters
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Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
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Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
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Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

How to survive a Twitter mauling

Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

At dawn, the young remember the young

A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

Follow the money as never before

Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
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Samuel West interview

The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
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Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
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The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence