Arts and Entertainment

Prop was used in the film's opening sequence

When fish took their first steps on land...

Footprints dating back 395 million years shed light on evolutionary milestone

Dinosaur fossil fills gaps in evolutionary knowledge

Scientists have unearthed the fossilised bones of a meat-eating dinosaur the size of a large dog which they said could fill in the gaps about the early evolution and global migration of a group of animals that dominated the land for 170 million years.

Fossil theft: One of our dinosaurs is missing

The illegal trade is increasingly lucrative, with dire results for science

DVD: Ice Age 3

Perhaps not quite as witty as the previous films, Ice Age 3 is great for post Sunday lunch viewing.

Teenage tantrums of the T rex

Tyrannosaurus rex had terrible teenage tantrums that ended in fierce fights between bickering adolescents which left scars that can still be seen in fossils tens of millions of years old.

Found in Dorset, the giant sea monster that was armed to the teeth

Collector spent years finding and assembling bones

Skull of giant 'sea monster' discovered

The fossilised skull of a giant "sea monster" has been discovered off the UK's Jurassic Coast, a local council announced.

Reptile fossils solve mystery that has baffled evolutionists

Remains provide link between long-tailed and short-tailed pterosaurs

'Mini-me' T-Rex unearthed in China

A "mini" Tyrannosaurus rex looking almost identical to the most famed of dinosaurs, but many times smaller (and with even weedier arms), has been unearthed in China.

Leviathan or, The Whale, By Philip Hoare

How rare to encounter any book that holds you utterly in its grasp from first page to last. Reading this cetacean love letter, the everyday world falls away. Beguiled by the mammoths of the deep, your mind moves through oceans.

US scientists set to reveal the true colour of dinosaurs

A new technique that identifies the hue of ancient birds may help a Yale team with bigger beasts

Digging deep for inspiration: Tracy Chevalier unearths the world of female fossil hunters

Tracy Chevalier dips a hand into her bag to pluck out a circular black rock which, in the centre of her palm, glitters like the giant eyeball of a Jurassic Cyclops. The rock, she explains, is a fossil, an ancient bone of a prehistoric creature ("Look, it was a big, big animal" ), which she discovered while scouring the beaches of Lyme Regis, famed among 19th-century "dinosaur hunters" for paleontological treasures which were known to nestle like primordial undergrowth beneath centuries of seaside shingle.

Fossil reveals how pterosaur fell to earth – with a hop

Ancient tracks found in France show the Jurassic reptile landing like a modern bird

Jurassic bully: Pick on someone your own size...

... and you might have thought the T.rex would. But scientists now think it preferred to prey on baby dinosaurs

John Lichfield: The life cycle of the Dutch teenager

Emmeloord Notebook: Teenagers chatted each other up by cycling in slow circles, without dismounting
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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
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Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

Autumn/winter menswear 2015

The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

Army general planning to come out
Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project