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Israel Gutman: Holocaust survivor and researcher

Israel Gutman, who died in Jerusalem on 30 September at the age of 90, survived the Nazi atrocities of the Second World War then dedicated his life to researching the Holocaust. Born in Warsaw in 1923, he was wounded during fighting in the Warsaw Ghetto uprising in 1943 when a few hundred poorly armed Jews put up resistance to Nazi troops who were rounding up residents and sending them to death camps.

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Boruch Spiegel: Survivor of the Warsaw Ghetto

Boruch Spiegel, who died on 9 May at the age of 93, was one of the last remaining survivors of the 1943 Warsaw ghetto uprising by poorly armed Jewish insurgents against the Nazis. With Spiegel’s death, the group of survivors of the revolt that was crushed 70 years ago grows smaller.

Germany celebrates bicentennial of Richard Wagner

Germany today celebrated the 200th birthday of Richard Wagner, the 19th-century composer whose music has been hailed as sublime art at the height of Western culture even as he remains tainted by his visceral anti-Semitic views, which later found favour with the Nazis.