Arts and Entertainment Sherlock Holmes portrayed by Benedict Cumberbatch in the BBC series

A long-running legal battle in the United States could change the way Sherlock Holmes and other characters are portrayed in future books and films

The Pale King, By David Foster Wallace

In his last, unfinished novel, David Foster Wallace pays attention to the fine detail of everyday mental activity

Elliott appreciates the rewards of hard work

One businessman, at least, is bucking the recessionary trend in his beleaguered country. In the four years since he won the 2007 Grand National with the patched-up point-to-pointer Silver Birch, Gordon Elliott's training empire has expanded from 10 horses to 60, and patronage from some of the sport's shrewdest owners. Here yesterday he put the seal on his emerging talent with a double, courtesy of Chicago Grey in the opening National Hunt Challenge Cup and Carlito Brigante, who turned the normally competitive Coral Cup into a solo tour de force.

Emanuel in lead to be Chicago Mayor

Voters in Chicago were choosing a successor to longtime Mayor Richard Daley yesterday, with former White House chief-of-staff Rahm Emanuel leading the pack. It was the first time in two decades that Mr Daley was not listed on the ballot.

Album: Abigail Washburn, City of Refuge (Rounder)

Born in Illinois, educated in Minnesota, now living in Tennessee via time spent in Vermont and China, it should come as no surprise that Washburn sounds like no one else.

Emanuel back on the ballot in Chicago election

It looked tricky there for a while, but finally it seems that Rahm Emanuel, the former White House Chief of Staff, will be on the ballot papers when the citizens of Chicago go to the polls next month to choose a new mayor.

Court rules Emanuel out of Chicago mayoral race

He has already raised more than $10 million. Last week he stood on a stage in the city's cultural centre as the big dog – Bill Clinton – spoke to a capacity crowd to offer his all-important endorsement. He has even endured the first of several planned televised debates with his opponents for the job that he wants and thinks he deserves.

Chicago options exchange soars in US stock market debut

The last major unlisted bourse in North America went public yesterday when the Chicago Board Options Exchange, the biggest options trading venue in the US, began trading amid strong demand on Wall Street's Nasdaq index.

Obama too busy to serve on jury in Chicago

US president Barack Obama has skipped jury service after being summoned in Illinois, it emerged yesterday.

Album: William Fitzsimmons, The Sparrow and the Crow (Naim Edge)

Illinois-based Fitzsimmons'previous album was abouthis parents' divorce. Thisone is about his own. It isa late-night-by-candlelightsort of record that, if thephases of grief can looselybe split into shock, denial,anger and acceptance,wallows wonderfully inthat final stage. Comparisonsto Iron & Wine areinevitable, but what thepair share by way of beardand banjo, they part fromby way of broken heart."We'll love again/ Just noteach other," Fitzsimmonswhispers, making it cruelto put out that once againhis loss is the listener'sgain.

Giant ocean covered Mars, new map reveals

A single ocean once covered much of the northern half of Mars, supplied with water from a belt of rain-fed rivers, new research suggests.

John Rentoul: Blair in Chicago - still right, 10 years on

Tony Blair's speech in Chicago last night was an important defence of liberal interventionism, 10 years after his original Chicago speech* in the middle of the Kosovo conflict.

Illinois House votes to impeach governor

The Illinois House of Representatives today impeached Governor Rod Blagojevich, who is accused of abuse of power including an attempt to sell President-elect Barack Obama's former US Senate seat.

Senate bars access to Blagojevich appointee

The man named by the scandal-plagued governor of Illinois to replace President-elect Barack Obama in the US Senate failed to gain entry yesterday when the chamber's secretary rejected as incomplete his credentials for the seat.

Obama cleared of wrongdoing over disgraced governor

An internal report released by Barack Obama's transition team confirmed that the incoming White House Chief of Staff, Rahm Emanuel, spoke with the disgraced Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, and his top aide about the Senate seat being vacated by the President-elect but that there was nothing untoward in the conversations.

<a href="http://blogs.independent.co.uk/independent/2008/10/mixtape-top-of.html">MixTape: Top of the songs-to-resuscitate-someone-to Pops</a>

A team from the University of Illinois medical school has found that the optimum tempo at which to perform CPR on someone who is undergoing a heart attack is 100 beats per minute.

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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
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As in 1942, Germany must show restraint over Greece

As in 1942, Germany must show restraint over Greece

Mussolini tried to warn his ally of the danger of bringing the country to its knees. So should we, says Patrick Cockburn
Britain's widening poverty gap should be causing outrage at the start of the election campaign

The short stroll that should be our walk of shame

Courting the global elite has failed to benefit Britain, as the vast disparity in wealth on display in the capital shows
Homeless Veterans appeal: The rise of the working poor: when having a job cannot prevent poverty

Homeless Veterans appeal

The rise of the working poor: when having a job cannot prevent poverty
Prince Charles the saviour of the nation? A new book highlights concerns about how political he will be when he eventually becomes king

Prince Charles the saviour of the nation?

A new book highlights concerns about how political he will be when he eventually becomes king
How books can defeat Isis: Patrick Cockburn was able to update his agenda-setting 'The Rise of Islamic State' while under attack in Baghdad

How books can defeat Isis

Patrick Cockburn was able to update his agenda-setting 'The Rise of Islamic State' while under attack in Baghdad
Judith Hackitt: The myths of elf 'n' safety

Judith Hackitt: The myths of elf 'n' safety

She may be in charge of minimising our risks of injury, but the chair of the Health and Safety Executive still wants children to be able to hurt themselves
The open loathing between Barack Obama and Benjamin Netanyahu just got worse

The open loathing between Obama and Netanyahu just got worse

The Israeli PM's relationship with the Obama has always been chilly, but going over the President's head on Iran will do him no favours, says Rupert Cornwell
French chefs get 'le huff' as nation slips down global cuisine rankings

French chefs get 'le huff' as nation slips down global cuisine rankings

Fury at British best restaurants survey sees French magazine produce a rival list
Star choreographer Matthew Bourne gives young carers a chance to perform at Sadler's Wells

Young carers to make dance debut

What happened when superstar choreographer Matthew Bourne encouraged 27 teenage carers to think about themselves for once?
Design Council's 70th anniversary: Four of the most intriguing prototypes from Ones to Watch

Design Council's 70th anniversary

Four of the most intriguing prototypes from Ones to Watch
Dame Harriet Walter: The actress on learning what it is to age, plastic surgery, and her unease at being honoured by the establishment

Dame Harriet Walter interview

The actress on learning what it is to age, plastic surgery, and her unease at being honoured by the establishment
Art should not be a slave to the ideas driving it

Art should not be a slave to the ideas driving it

Critics of Tom Stoppard's new play seem to agree that cerebral can never trump character, says DJ Taylor
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef's winter salads will make you feel energised through February

Bill Granger's winter salads

Salads aren't just a bit on the side, says our chef - their crunch, colour and natural goodness are perfect for a midwinter pick-me-up
England vs Wales: Cool head George Ford ready to put out dragon fire

George Ford: Cool head ready to put out dragon fire

No 10’s calmness under pressure will be key for England in Cardiff
Michael Calvin: Time for Old Firm to put aside bigotry and forge new links

Michael Calvin's Last Word

Time for Old Firm to put aside bigotry and forge new links