Why an independent Scotland could become the richest country on Earth

On a per capita basis, the nation has all the ingredients to be one of the world's most prosperous nations

Aloni in 1992, the year she formed the Meretz Party

Shulamit Aloni: Politician who championed human rights and was fiercely critical of Israel's treatment of Palestine

Shulamit Aloni was a legislator who championed civil rights and was fiercely critical of her country's treatment of Palestinian. Born in Tel Aviv between the wars, she was descended from Polish Jewish rabbinical families. Her life, as a fighter for equality and human rights, and her failure to change Israel's materialistic and paternalistc attitudes, closely reflect the troubled history of the Jewish state.

Demonstrators hold placards with pictures of Al-Jazeera journalist Abdullah Al Shami who - along with cameraman Mohammed Badr - remains in custody in Egypt, during a protest outside Egypt's embassy in London last November

Two British Al-Jazeera journalists face terror trial in Egypt

Two Britons are among a group of 20 journalists working for Al-Jazeera facing criminal trial in Egypt on charges of aiding or joining a terrorist organisation – the latest press crackdown in a country which is facing growing instability.

A Syrian woman carries a child on her shoulder at a refugee camp in Jordan

Tory backbenchers hit out at David Cameron for U-turn on Syrian refugees

Some Conservative MPs have criticised the U-turn by David Cameron under which about 500 refugees from Syria will be allowed to enter Britain.

Political protests and lifelong friendships, but barely a Pharaoh in sight: A year abroad in Egypt

For some language courses, a year in Paris is usual. But if you're reading Arabic, you have to travel a little further afield, as Rosie Collington found out

State of the Union: Obama pledges 'opportunity for all' and to tackle economic inequality

In annual address, the President says 'too many Americans are working more than ever just to get by – let alone get ahead'

Del Singh: Activist and prospective Labour MEP who worked in the world's danger zones helping to speed up redevelopment

Dharmender Singh Phangurha was a prospective Labour MEP whose promising political career was cut tragically short in a Taliban suicide attack at a restaurant in Kabul. Del Singh, as he was better known, was one of two Britons killed along with 19 others, including senior UN officials, US workers, eight Afghan dignitaries and members of staff of the popular restaurant, La Taverna du Liban, in what was described as the "deadliest violence against foreign civilians" in Afghanistan since the start of the war nearly 13 years ago.

How bazaar: Istanbul will fall off easyJet's map this spring

Is easyJet still flying from Luton to Istanbul this summer?

Q. I have been trying to book flights from Luton to Istanbul with easyJet for the summer but they have still not gone on sale. easyJet is offering flights to Istanbul only up to March. Is it feasible that it'll quietly axe such a seemingly prosperous business and tourist route for summer 2014? Dom Wood

Iranian Teacher Ali Mohammadian with 8-year-old Mahan Rahimi, in a photo taken before Mahan's classmates followed their teacher and also shaved their hair.

Iranian teacher who shaved his head in solidarity with an ill pupil who went bald becomes a national hero

Ali Mohammadian noticed his pupil was being bullied, and shaved his head to show his support

Migrants eat their evening meal at a centre run by volunteers in Calais. France has pledged to take 500 Syrian refugees
The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon (centre) welcomes delegates hoping to bring an end to Syria’s civil war to the Montreux Palace Hotel in Switzerland

Geneva talks: Give Syrians a voice

The peace talks are offering a way out of a vicious cycle, and it is one of the very few hopes for the vast majority of Syrians who reject extremism

JP Morgan name man who died after fall from roof of Canary Wharf headquarters as Gabriel Magee

Emergency services were called to 25 Bank Street at around 8am this morning

Afghan refugee children in a slum on the outskirts of Islamabad in Pakistan. For more than three decades, Pakistan has been home to one of the world's largest refugee communities: hundreds of thousands of Afghans who have fled the repeated wars and fighting their country has undergone
Former President Morsi stands inside a glass-encased metal cage in the Cairo courtroom

Who are you? Mohammed Morsi takes on judge in Cairo court as he faces charges over jailbreak

Supporters of the ousted Egyptian President clashed with police and a minister’s aide was shot dead

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Isis is an hour from Baghdad, the Iraq army has little chance against it, and air strikes won't help

Isis an hour away from Baghdad -

and with no sign of Iraq army being able to make a successful counter-attack
Turner Prize 2014 is frustratingly timid

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The exhibition nods to rich and potentially brilliant ideas, but steps back
Last chance to see: Half the world’s animals have disappeared over the last 40 years

Last chance to see...

The Earth’s animal wildlife population has halved in 40 years
So here's why teenagers are always grumpy - and it's not what you think

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Early school hours mess with their biological clocks
Why can no one stop hackers putting celebrities' private photos online?

Hacked photos: the third wave

Why can no one stop hackers putting celebrities' private photos online?
Royal Ballet star dubbed 'Charlize Theron in pointe shoes' takes on Manon

Homegrown ballerina is on the rise

Royal Ballet star Melissa Hamilton is about to tackle the role of Manon
Education, eduction, education? Our growing fascination with what really goes on in school

Education, education, education

TV documentaries filmed in classrooms are now a genre in their own right
It’s reasonable to negotiate with the likes of Isis, so why don’t we do it and save lives?

It’s perfectly reasonable to negotiate with villains like Isis

So why don’t we do it and save some lives?
This man just ran a marathon in under 2 hours 3 minutes. Is a 2-hour race in sight?

Is a sub-2-hour race now within sight?

Dennis Kimetto breaks marathon record
We shall not be moved, say Stratford's single parents fighting eviction

Inside the E15 'occupation'

We shall not be moved, say Stratford single parents
Air strikes alone will fail to stop Isis

Air strikes alone will fail to stop Isis

Talks between all touched by the crisis in Syria and Iraq can achieve as much as the Tornadoes, says Patrick Cockburn
Nadhim Zahawi: From a refugee on welfare to the heart of No 10

Nadhim Zahawi: From a refugee on welfare to the heart of No 10

The Tory MP speaks for the first time about the devastating effect of his father's bankruptcy
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Witches: A history of misogyny

The sexist abuse that haunts modern life is nothing new: women have been 'trolled' in art for 500 years
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Meet the most powerful woman in US television

Writer and producer of shows like Grey's Anatomy, Shonda Rhimes now has her own evening of primetime TV – but she’s taking it in her stride
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Endangered communities photographed 'like Kate Moss'

Jimmy Nelson travelled the world to photograph 35 threatened tribes in an unashamedly glamorous style